List books in category Engineering / Nanotechnology & MEMS

  • Biodesign: The Process of Innovating Medical Technologies, Edition 2

    Biodesign: The Process of Innovating Medical Technologies, Edition 2
    Paul G. Yock

    This step-by-step guide to medical technology innovation, now in full color, has been rewritten to reflect recent trends of industry globalization and value-conscious healthcare. Written by a team of medical, engineering, and business experts, the authors provide a comprehensive resource that leads students, researchers, and entrepreneurs through a proven process for the identification, invention, and implementation of new solutions. Case studies on innovative products from around the world, successes and failures, practical advice, and end-of-chapter 'Getting Started' sections encourage readers to learn from real projects and apply important lessons to their own work. A wealth of additional material supports the book, including a collection of nearly one hundred videos created for the second edition, active links to external websites, supplementary appendices, and timely updates on the companion website at ebiodesign.org. Readers can access this material quickly, easily, and at the most relevant point in the text from within the ebook.

  • Carbons for Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Systems

    Carbons for Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Systems
    Francois Beguin

    As carbons are widely used in energy storage and conversion systems, there is a rapidly growing need for an updated book that describes their physical, chemical, and electrochemical properties. Edited by those responsible for initiating the most progressive conference on Carbon for Energy Storage and Environment Protection (CESEP), this book undoubtedly fills this need. Written in collaboration with prominent scientists in carbon science and its energy-related applications, Carbons for Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion Systems provides the most complete and up-to-date coverage available on carbon materials for application in electrochemical energy storage and conversion. The text studies different carbon materials and their detailed physicochemical properties and provides an in-depth review of their wide-ranging applications—including lithium-ion batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and primary cells. Recognizing that most scientists involved with these applications are materials scientists rather than electrochemists, the text begins with a review of electrochemical principles and methods. It then covers the different forms of traditional sp2 carbons, introduces novel techniques for preparing advanced carbons, and describes the main physicochemical properties which control the electrochemical behavior of carbons. The second half of the book focuses on research and provides a wealth of original information on industrial applications. Complete with an abundance of figures, tables, equations, and case studies, this book is the ideal one-stop reference for researchers, engineers, and students working on developing the carbon-based energy storage and conversion systems of tomorrow.

  • Photonic Packaging Sourcebook: Fiber-Chip Coupling for Optical Components, Basic Calculations, Modules

    Photonic Packaging Sourcebook: Fiber-Chip Coupling for Optical Components, Basic Calculations, Modules
    Ulrich H. P. Fischer-Hirchert

    This book serves as a guide on photonic assembly techniques. It provides an overview of today's state-of-the-art technologies for photonic packaging experts and professionals in the field. The text guides the readers to the practical use of optical connectors. It also assists engineers to find a way to an effective and inexpensive set-up for their own needs. In addition, many types of current industrial modules and state-of-the-art applications from single fiber to multi fiber are described in detail. Simulation techniques such as FEM, BPM and ray tracing are explained in depth. Finally, all recent reliability test procedures for datacom and telecom modules are illustrated in combination with related standardization aspects.

  • Open Business Models: How To Thrive In The New Innovation Landscape

    Open Business Models: How To Thrive In The New Innovation Landscape
    Henry Chesbrough

    In his landmark book Open Innovation, Henry Chesbrough demonstrated that because useful knowledge is no longer concentrated in a few large organizations, business leaders must adopt a new, “open” model of innovation. Using this model, companies look outside their boundaries for ideas and intellectual property (IP) they can bring in, as well as license their unutilized home-grown IP to other organizations.In Open Business Models, Chesbrough takes readers to the next step—explaining how to make money in an open innovation landscape. He provides a diagnostic instrument enabling you to assess your company’s current business model, and explains how to overcome common barriers to creating a more open model. He also offers compelling examples of companies that have developed such models—including Procter & Gamble, IBM, and Air Products.In addition, Chesbrough introduces a new set of players—“innovation intermediaries”—who facilitate companies’ access to external technologies. He explores the impact of stronger IP protection on intermediate markets for innovation, and profiles firms (such as Intellectual Ventures and Qualcomm) that center their business model on innovation and IP.This vital resource provides a much-needed road map to connect innovation with IP management, so companies can create and capture value from ideas and technologies—wherever in the world they are found.

  • Soft X-Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation: Principles and Applications

    Soft X-Rays and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation: Principles and Applications
    David Attwood

    This detailed, comprehensive book describes the fundamental properties of soft X-rays and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) radiation and discusses their applications in a wide variety of fields, including EUV lithography for semiconductor chip manufacture and soft X-ray biomicroscopy. The author begins by presenting the relevant basic principles such as radiation and scattering, wave propagation, diffraction, and coherence. He then goes on to examine a broad range of phenomena and applications. The topics covered include spectromicroscopy, EUV astronomy, synchrotron radiation, and soft X-ray lasers. The author also provides a wealth of useful reference material such as electron binding energies, characteristic emission lines and photo-absorption cross-sections. The book will be of great interest to graduate students and researchers in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences. It will also appeal to practising engineers involved in semiconductor fabrication and materials science.

  • Global Catastrophic Risks

    Global Catastrophic Risks
    Nick Bostrom

    A global catastrophic risk is one with the potential to wreak death and destruction on a global scale. In human history, wars and plagues have done so on more than one occasion, and misguided ideologies and totalitarian regimes have darkened an entire era or a region. Advances in technology are adding dangers of a new kind. It could happen again. In Global Catastrophic Risks 25 leading experts look at the gravest risks facing humanity in the 21st century, including asteroid impacts, gamma-ray bursts, Earth-based natural catastrophes, nuclear war, terrorism, global warming, biological weapons, totalitarianism, advanced nanotechnology, general artificial intelligence, and social collapse. The book also addresses over-arching issues – policy responses and methods for predicting and managing catastrophes. This is invaluable reading for anyone interested in the big issues of our time; for students focusing on science, society, technology, and public policy; and for academics, policy-makers, and professionals working in these acutely important fields.

  • Firm Size, Innovation, and Market Structure: The Evolution of Industry Concentration and Instability

    Firm Size, Innovation, and Market Structure: The Evolution of Industry Concentration and Instability
    Mariana Mazzucato

    The book begins by reviewing the connection between firm size, innovation and market structure from a theoretical and an empirical point of view, with emphasis on the 'complexity' that defines this relationship. It then goes on to build an evoluti

  • Radical Abundance: How a Revolution in Nanotechnology Will Change Civilization

    Radical Abundance: How a Revolution in Nanotechnology Will Change Civilization
    K. Eric Drexler

    K. Eric Drexler is the founding father of nanotechnology—the science of engineering on a molecular level. In Radical Abundance, he shows how rapid scientific progress is about to change our world. Thanks to atomically precise manufacturing, we will soon have the power to produce radically more of what people want, and at a lower cost. The result will shake the very foundations of our economy and environment.Already, scientists have constructed prototypes for circuit boards built of millions of precisely arranged atoms. The advent of this kind of atomic precision promises to change the way we make things—cleanly, inexpensively, and on a global scale. It allows us to imagine a world where solar arrays cost no more than cardboard and aluminum foil, and laptops cost about the same.A provocative tour of cutting edge science and its implications by the field's founder and master, Radical Abundance offers a mind-expanding vision of a world hurtling toward an unexpected future.

  • Serious Play: How the World s Best Companies Simulate to Innovate

    Serious Play: How the World’s Best Companies Simulate to Innovate
    Michael Schrage

    Successful innovation demands more than a good strategic plan; it requires creative improvisation. Much of the "serious play" that leads to breakthrough innovations is increasingly linked to experiments with models, prototypes, and simulations. As digital technology makes prototyping more cost-effective, serious play will soon lie at the heart of all innovation strategies, influencing how businesses define themselves and their markets. Author Michael Schrage is one of today's most widely recognized experts on the relationship between technology and work. In Serious Play, Schrage argues that the real value in building models comes less from the help they offer with troubleshooting and problem solving than from the insights they reveal about the organization itself. Technological models can actually change us–improving the way we communicate, collaborate, learn, and innovate. With real-world examples and engaging anecdotes, Schrage shows how companies such as Disney, Microsoft, Boeing, IDEO, and DaimlerChrysler use serious play with modeling technologies to facilitate the collaborative interactions that lead to innovation. A user's guide included with the book helps readers apply many of the innovation practices profiled throughout. A landmark book by one of the most perceptive voices in the field of innovation.

  • Piezoelectric Transducers for Vibration Control and Damping

    Piezoelectric Transducers for Vibration Control and Damping
    S.O. Reza Moheimani

    Flexible mechanical systems experience undesirable vibration in response to environmental and operational forces. The very existence of vibrations can limit the accuracy of sensitive instruments or cause significant errors in applications where high-precision positioning is essential so in many situations control of vibrations is a necessity. Piezoelectric transducers have been used in countless applications as sensors, actuators, or both. When traditional passive vibration control techniques fail to meet requirements, piezoelectric transducers in conjunction with feedback controllers can be used effectively to suppress vibrations. Piezoelectric Transducers for Vibration Control and Damping presents recent developments in vibration control systems that employ embedded piezoelectric sensors and actuators. In particular, it covers various ways in which active vibration control systems can be designed for piezoelectric laminated structures, paying distinct attention to how such control systems can be implemented in real time. The text contains numerous examples and experimental results obtained from laboratory-scale apparatus, with details of how similar setups can be built. Features and topics: An overview of piezoelectricity. Modelling of flexible structures with embedded piezoelectric sensors and actuators. Feedback control of structural vibration using PPF and resonant controllers. A comprehensive treatment of piezoelectric shunt damping systems using systems-theoretic tools. A paradigm for designing active high-performance piezoelectric shunts. Innovative techniques to deal with the problem of hysteresis in piezoelectric transducers. Instrumentation for piezoelectric sensors and actuators. Applications in atomic force and scanning tunneling microscopy. An essential text and reference for graduates, researchers, and professionals working in mechanical engineering, aerospace engineering and mechatronics disciplines, this book will be a specially useful resource for scientists and engineers engaged in vibration control research.

  • Introduction to Optics: Edition 3

    Introduction to Optics: Edition 3
    Frank L. Pedrotti

    Introduction to Optics is now available in a re-issued edition from Cambridge University Press. Designed to offer a comprehensive and engaging introduction to intermediate and upper level undergraduate physics and engineering students, this text also allows instructors to select specialized content to suit individual curricular needs and goals. Specific features of the text, in terms of coverage beyond traditional areas, include extensive use of matrices in dealing with ray tracing, polarization, and multiple thin-film interference; three chapters devoted to lasers; a separate chapter on the optics of the eye; and individual chapters on holography, coherence, fiber optics, interferometry, Fourier optics, nonlinear optics, and Fresnel equations.

  • Basic Principles of Nanotechnology

    Basic Principles of Nanotechnology
    Wesley C. Sanders

    The book allows the reader to have a basic understanding of the structure and properties of nanoscale materials routinely used in nanotechnology-based research and industries. To add, the book describes the operation of nanoscale transistors and the processes used to fabricate the devices. Additionally, it presents research involving the use of carbon nanotubes, graphene, and molecules to create non-silicon based electronic devices. It aims to provide an understanding of the operation of the most frequently used fabrication and characterization procedures, such as scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, etch, e-beam lithography, and photolithography. Provides explanations of the common techniques used in nanofabrication. Focuses on nanomaterials that are almost exclusively used in academic research and incorporated in consumer materials, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene, metal nanoparticles, quantum dots, and conductive polymers. Each chapter begins with a list of key objectives describing major content covered. Includes end-of-chapter questions to reinforce chapter content.

  • Nanotechnology in Construction: Proceedings of the NICOM3

    Nanotechnology in Construction: Proceedings of the NICOM3
    Zdenek Bittnar

    The 3rd International Symposium on Nanotechnology in Construction (NICOM 3) follows the highly successful NICOM 1 (Paisley, UK 2003) and NICOM 2 (Bilbao, Spain 2005) Symposia. The NICOM3 symposium was held in Prague, Czech Republic from May 31 to June 2, 2009 under the auspices of the Czech Technical University in Prague. It was a cross-disciplinary event, bringing together R&D experts and users from different fields all with interest in nanotechnology and construction. The conference was aimed at: Understanding of internal structures of existing construction materials at nano-scale Modification at nano-scale of existing construction materials. Production and properties of nanoparticulate materials, nanotubes and novel polymers. Modeling and simulation of nanostructures. Instrumentation, techniques and metrology at nano-scale. Health and safety issues and environmental impacts related to nanotechnology during research, manufacture and product use. Review of current legislation. Societal and commercial impacts of nanotechnology in construction, their predictions and analysis.

  • Learning Bio-Micro-Nanotechnology

    Learning Bio-Micro-Nanotechnology
    Mel I. Mendelson

    Learning Bio-Micro-Nanotechnology is a primer on micro/nanotechnology that teaches the vocabulary, fundamental concepts, and applications of micro/nanotechnology in biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, electronics, computers, biomedicine, microscopy, ethics, and risks to humankind. It provides an introduction into the small world with a low fog index, emphasizing the concepts using analogies and illustrations to simplify the non-observables. The chapters have many "thinking exercises" and summaries with references at the end of each chapter. The questions at the end are divided into Bloom’s taxonomy of learning skills and also include team exercises and methods to assess learning. There are many calculations using dimensional analysis according to first principles, but the math is purposely kept at a low level and is used as a means of understanding the concepts. The appendices provide a math review and a glossary of terms.Carefully designed as an easy-to-read textbook and a practical reference, this book emphasizes learning micro/nanotechnology vocabulary, concepts, and applications from first principles and from a multi-disciplinary point of view. This makes it suitable for one- and two-semester courses as well as a reference for professionals in the field.

  • Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

    Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
    Gabor L. Hornyak

    The maturation of nanotechnology has revealed it to be a unique and distinct discipline rather than a specialization within a larger field. Its textbook cannot afford to be a chemistry, physics, or engineering text focused on nano. It must be an integrated, multidisciplinary, and specifically nano textbook. The archetype of the modern nano textbook, Introduction to Nanoscience and Nanotechnology builds a solid background in characterization and fabrication methods while integrating the physics, chemistry, and biology facets. The remainder of this color text focuses on applications, examining engineering aspects as well as nanomaterials and industry-specific applications in such areas as energy, electronics, and biotechnology. Also available in two course-specific volumes: Introduction to Nanoscience elucidates the nanoscale along with the societal impacts of nanoscience, then presents an overview of characterization and fabrication methods. The authors systematically discuss the chemistry, physics, and biology aspects of nanoscience, providing a complete picture of the challenges, opportunities, and inspirations posed by each facet before giving a brief glimpse at nanoscience in action: nanotechnology. Fundamentals of Nanotechnology surveys the field’s broad landscape, exploring the physical basics such as nanorheology, nanofluidics, and nanomechanics as well as industrial concerns such as manufacturing, reliability, and safety. The authors then explore the vast range of nanomaterials and systematically outline devices and applications in various industrial sectors. Qualifying instructors who purchase either of these volumes (or the combined set) are given online access to a wealth of instructional materials. These include detailed lecture notes, review summaries, slides, exercises, and more. The authors provide enough material for both one- and two-semester courses.

  • Implantable Biomedical Microsystems: Design Principles and Applications

    Implantable Biomedical Microsystems: Design Principles and Applications
    Swarup Bhunia

    Research and innovation in areas such as circuits, microsystems, packaging, biocompatibility, miniaturization, power supplies, remote control, reliability, and lifespan are leading to a rapid increase in the range of devices and corresponding applications in the field of wearable and implantable biomedical microsystems, which are used for monitoring, diagnosing, and controlling the health conditions of the human body. This book provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamental design principles and validation for implantable microsystems, as well as several major application areas. Each component in an implantable device is described in details, and major case studies demonstrate how these systems can be optimized for specific design objectives. The case studies include applications of implantable neural signal processors, brain-machine interface (BMI) systems intended for both data recording and treatment, neural prosthesis, bladder pressure monitoring for treating urinary incontinence, implantable imaging devices for early detection and diagnosis of diseases as well as electrical conduction block of peripheral nerve for chronic pain management. Implantable Biomedical Microsystems is the first comprehensive coverage of bioimplantable system design providing an invaluable information source for researchers in Biomedical, Electrical, Computer, Systems, and Mechanical Engineering as well as engineers involved in design and development of wearable and implantable bioelectronic devices and, more generally, teams working on low-power microsystems and their corresponding wireless energy and data links. First time comprehensive coverage of system-level and component-level design and engineering aspects for implantable microsystems.Provides insight into a wide range of proven applications and application specific design trade-offs of bioimplantable systems, including several major case studiesEnables Engineers involved in development of implantable electronic systems to optimize applications for specific design objectives.

  • Nanotechnology and Nanoscience: by Knowledge flow

    Nanotechnology and Nanoscience: by Knowledge flow
    Knowledge flow

    ★★★★★LEARNING STARTS WITH VIEWING THE WORLD DIFFERENTLY.★★★★★Knowledge flow — A mobile learning platform provides Apps and Books.Knowledge flow brings you a learning book of Nanotechnology and Nanoscience. This book is intended to develop interest amongst students, teachers and professionals of all branches of engineering, and medical therefore that they obtain to know basics of the nanotechnology. This book deals with all the aspects of nanoscience and its fundamentals and applications. The topics cover Nanotechnology and Nanoscience, Fundamental of Nano Effects, Nanomaterials, Uses of Nanotechnology, Applications of Nanotechnology, NEMS and MEMS in Nanotechnology, Nanotechnology in Electronics (Nanoelectronics) and Nanomedicine To find more education books, visit here http://knowledgeflow.in/books.html

  • Principles of Nano-Optics

    Principles of Nano-Optics
    Lukas Novotny

    Nano-optics is the study of optical phenomena and techniques on the nanometer scale, that is, near or beyond the diffraction limit of light. It is an emerging field of study, motivated by the rapid advance of nanoscience and nanotechnology which require adequate tools and strategies for fabrication, manipulation and characterization at this scale. In this 2006 text the authors provide a comprehensive overview of the theoretical and experimental concepts necessary to understand and work in nano-optics. With a very broad perspective, they cover optical phenomena relevant to the nanoscale across diverse areas ranging from quantum optics to biophysics, introducing and extensively describing all of the significant methods. Written for graduate students who want to enter the field, the text includes problem sets to reinforce and extend the discussion. It is also a valuable reference for researchers and course teachers.

  • Surface Wear: Analysis, Treatment, and Prevention

    Surface Wear: Analysis, Treatment, and Prevention
    R. Chattopadhyay

    Annotation Describes the surface properties controlling the wear processes in different environments, and presents techniques for reducing specific type of wear through modification of surface properties. The author characterizes the energy, morphology, and composition of surfaces, then identifies the mechanisms of wear caused by adhesion, abrasion, erosion, corrosion, and heat. The main section of the book discusses the various surface protection technologies: strain hardening, thermally assisted diffusion processes, hardening by thermal treatment, thin film coatings, and thick film overlays. The final chapters address metal, plastic and ceramic composites that resist wear, and provide a wear diagnosis methodology. Annotation copyrighted by Book News Inc., Portland, OR

  • Understanding the Nanotechnology Revolution

    Understanding the Nanotechnology Revolution
    Edward L. Wolf

    A unique introduction for general readers to the underlying concepts of nanotechnology, covering a wide spectrum ranging from biology to quantum computing. The material is presented in the simplest possible way, including a few mathematical equations, but not mathematical derivations. It also outlines as simply as possible the major contributions to modern technology of physics-based nanophysical devices, such as the atomic clock, global positioning systems, and magnetic resonance imaging. As a result, readers are able to establish a connection between nanotechnology and day-to-day applications, as well as with advances in information technology based on fast computers, the internet, dense data storage, Google searches, and new concepts for renewable energy harvesting. Also of interest to professionals working in law, finance, or teaching who wish to understand nanotechnology in a broad context, and as general reading for electrical, chemical and computer engineers, materials scientists, applied physicists and mathematicians, as well as for students of these disciplines.

  • Nanotechnology: Understanding Small Systems, Third Edition, Edition 3

    Nanotechnology: Understanding Small Systems, Third Edition, Edition 3
    Ben Rogers

    An Accessible, Scientifically Rigorous Presentation That Helps Your Students Learn the Real StuffWinner of a CHOICE Outstanding Academic Book Award 2011" takes the revolutionary concepts and techniques that have traditionally been fodder for graduate study and makes them accessible for all. outstanding introduction to the broad field of nanotech

  • Multilayer Integrated Film Bulk Acoustic Resonators

    Multilayer Integrated Film Bulk Acoustic Resonators
    Yafei Zhang

    Mulilayer Integrated Film Bulk Acoustic Resonators mainly introduces the theory, design, fabrication technology and application of a recently developed new type of device, multilayer integrated film bulk acoustic resonators, at the micro and nano scale involving microelectronic devices, integrated circuits, optical devices, sensors and actuators, acoustic resonators, micro-nano manufacturing, multilayer integration, device theory and design principles, etc. These devices can work at very high frequencies by using the newly developed theory, design, and fabrication technology of nano and micro devices. Readers in fields of IC, electronic devices, sensors, materials, and films etc. will benefit from this book by learning the detailed fundamentals and potential applications of these advanced devices. Prof. Yafei Zhang is the director of the Ministry of Education’s Key Laboratory for Thin Films and Microfabrication Technology, PRC; Dr. Da Chen was a PhD student in Prof. Yafei Zhang’s research group.

  • Carbon-Carbon Materials and Composites

    Carbon-Carbon Materials and Composites
    John D. Buckley

    The major areas of carbon-carbon materials and composites are described in this comprehensive volume. It presents data and technology on the materials and structures developed for the production of carbon-carbon materials and composites. The text is composed of papers by 13 noted authors in their areas of expertise relating to the processes and production of these material systems and structures. The subject matter in the book is arranged to lead the reader through materials processing, fabrication, structural analysis, and applications of typical carbon-carbon products. The information provided includes: fiber technology, matrix material, design of composite structures, manufacturing techniques, engineering mechanics, protective coatings, and structural applications using carbon-carbon materials and composites.

  • Instrumental Community: Probe Microscopy and the Path to Nanotechnology

    Instrumental Community: Probe Microscopy and the Path to Nanotechnology
    Cyrus C. M. Mody

    How networked structures of collaboration and competition within a community of researchers led to the invention, spread, and commercialization of scanning probe microscopy.The scanning tunneling microscope (STM) has been hailed as the “key enabling discovery for nanotechnology,” the catalyst for a scientific field that attracts nearly $20 billion in funding each year. In Instrumental Community, Cyrus Mody argues that this technology-centric view does not explain how these microscopes helped to launch nanotechnology—and fails to acknowledge the agency of the microscopists in making the STM and its variants critically important tools. Mody tells the story of the invention, spread, and commercialization of scanning probe microscopy in terms of the networked structures of collaboration and competition that came into being within a diverse, colorful, and sometimes fractious community of researchers. By forming a community, he argues, these researchers were able to innovate rapidly, share the microscopes with a wide range of users, and generate prestige (including the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics) and profit (as the technology found applications in industry).Mody shows that both the technology of probe microscopy and the community model offered by the probe microscopists contributed to the development of political and scientific support for nanotechnology and the global funding initiatives that followed. In the course of his account, Mody charts the shifts in U.S. science policy over the last forty years—from the decline in federal basic research funding in the 1970s through the rise in academic patenting in the 1980s to the emergence of nanotechnology discourse in the 1990s—that have resulted in today's increasing emphasis on the commercialization of academic research.

  • Materials for Advanced Packaging

    Materials for Advanced Packaging
    Daniel Lu

    Significant progress has been made in advanced packaging in recent years. Several new packaging techniques have been developed and new packaging materials have been introduced. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the recent developments in this industry, particularly in the areas of microelectronics, optoelectronics, digital health, and bio-medical applications. This book discusses established techniques, as well as emerging technologies, in order to provide readers with the most up-to-date developments in advanced packaging.

  • Seeing What s Next: Using the Theories of Innovation to Predict Industry Change

    Seeing What’s Next: Using the Theories of Innovation to Predict Industry Change
    Clayton M. Christensen

    Every day, individuals take action based on how they believe innovation will change industries. Yet these beliefs are largely based on guesswork and incomplete data and lead to costly errors in judgment. Now, internationally renowned innovation expert Clayton M. Christensen and his research partners Scott D. Anthony and Erik A. Roth present a groundbreaking framework for predicting outcomes in the evolution of any industry. Based on proven theories outlined in Christensen's landmark books The Innovator's Dilemma and The Innovator's Solution, Seeing What's Next offers a practical, three-part model that helps decision-makers spot the signals of industry change, determine the outcome of competitive battles, and assess whether a firm's actions will ensure or threaten future success. Through in-depth case studies of industries from aviation to health care, the authors illustrate the predictive power of innovation theory in action.

  • Focused Ion Beam Systems: Basics and Applications

    Focused Ion Beam Systems: Basics and Applications
    Nan Yao

    The focused ion beam (FIB) system is an important tool for understanding and manipulating the structure of materials at the nanoscale. Combining this system with an electron beam creates a DualBeam – a single system that can function as an imaging, analytical and sample modification tool. Presenting the principles, capabilities, challenges and applications of the FIB technique, this edited volume, first published in 2007, comprehensively covers the ion beam technology including the DualBeam. The basic principles of ion beam and two-beam systems, their interaction with materials, etching and deposition are all covered, as well as in situ materials characterization, sample preparation, three-dimensional reconstruction and applications in biomaterials and nanotechnology. With nanostructured materials becoming increasingly important in micromechanical, electronic and magnetic devices, this self-contained review of the range of ion beam methods, their advantages, and when best to implement them is a valuable resource for researchers in materials science, electrical engineering and nanotechnology.

  • Nanoweapons: A Growing Threat to Humanity

    Nanoweapons: A Growing Threat to Humanity
    Louis A. Del Monte

    Nanoweapons just might render humanity extinct in the near future–a notion that is frightening and shocking but potentially true. In Nanoweapons Louis A. Del Monte describes the most deadly generation of military weapons the world has ever encountered. With dimensions one-thousandth the diameter of a single strand of human hair, this technology threatens to eradicate humanity as it incites world governments to compete in the deadliest arms race ever. In his insightful and prescient account of this risky and radical technology, Del Monte predicts that nanoweapons will dominate the battlefield of the future and will help determine the superpowers of the twenty-first century. He traces the emergence of nanotechnology, discusses the current development of nanoweapons–such as the "mini-nuke," which weighs five pounds and carries the power of one hundred tons of TNT–and offers concrete recommendations, founded in historical precedent, for controlling their proliferation and avoiding human annihilation. Most critically, Nanoweapons addresses the question: Will it be possible to develop, deploy, and use nanoweapons in warfare without rendering humanity extinct?

  • Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design: An Introduction for Engineers and Architects

    Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design: An Introduction for Engineers and Architects
    Daniel L. Schodek

    How could nanotechnology not perk the interest of any designer, engineer or architect? Exploring the intriguing new approaches to design that nanotechnologies offer, Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design is set against the sometimes fantastic sounding potential of this technology. Nanotechnology offers product engineers, designers, architects and consumers a vastly enhanced palette of materials and properties, ranging from the profound to the superficial. It is for engineering and design students and professionals who need to understand enough about the subject to apply it with real meaning to their own work.* World-renowned author team address the hot-topic of nanotechnology * The first book to address and explore the impacts and opportunities of nanotech for mainstream designers, engineers and architects* Full colour production and excellent design: guaranteed to appeal to everyone concerned with good design and the use of new materials

  • Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Systems: Edition 2

    Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Systems: Edition 2
    Ramin S. Esfandiari

    Modeling and Analysis of Dynamic Systems, Second Edition introduces MATLAB®, Simulink®, and SimscapeTM and then uses them throughout the text to perform symbolic, graphical, numerical, and simulation tasks. Written for junior or senior level courses, the textbook meticulously covers techniques for modeling dynamic systems, methods of response analysis, and provides an introduction to vibration and control systems. These features combine to provide students with a thorough knowledge of the mathematical modeling and analysis of dynamic systems. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Coverage of modeling and analysis of dynamic systems ranging from mechanical to thermal using Simscape Utilization of Simulink for linearization as well as simulation of nonlinear dynamic systems Integration of Simscape into Simulink for control system analysis and design Each topic covered includes at least one example, giving students better comprehension of the subject matter. More complex topics are accompanied by multiple, painstakingly worked-out examples. Each section of each chapter is followed by several exercises so that students can immediately apply the ideas just learned. End-of-chapter review exercises help in learning how a combination of different ideas can be used to analyze a problem. This second edition of a bestselling textbook fully integrates the MATLAB Simscape Toolbox and covers the usage of Simulink for new purposes. It gives students better insight into the involvement of actual physical components rather than their mathematical representations.

  • Colloidal Quantum Dot Optoelectronics and Photovoltaics

    Colloidal Quantum Dot Optoelectronics and Photovoltaics
    Gerasimos Konstantatos

    Capturing the most up-to-date research in colloidal quantum dot (CQD) devices, this book is written in an accessible style by the world's leading experts. The application of CQDs in solar cells, photodetectors and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has developed rapidly over recent years, promising to transform the future of clean energy, communications, and displays. This complete guide to the field provides researchers, students and practitioners alike with everything they need to understand these developments and begin contributing to future applications. Introductory chapters summarise the fundamental physics and chemistry, whilst later chapters review the developments that have propelled the field forwards, systematically working through key device advances. The science of CQD films is explained through the latest physical models of semiconductor transport, trapping and recombination, whilst the engineering of organic and inorganic multilayered materials is shown to have enabled major advances in the brightness and efficiency of CQD LEDs.

  • Hermeticity Testing of MEMS and Microelectronic Packages

    Hermeticity Testing of MEMS and Microelectronic Packages
    Suzanne Costello

    Packaging of microelectronics has been developing since the invention of the transistor in 1947. With the increasing complexity and decreasing size of the die, packaging requirements have continued to change. A step change in package requirements came with the introduction of the Micro-Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) whereby interactions with the external environment are, in some cases, required.This resource is a rapid, definitive reference on hermetic packaging for the MEMS and microelectronics industry, giving practical guidance on traditional and newly developed test methods. This book includes up-to-date and applicable test methods for today’s package types. The authors cover the history and development of packaging, along with a view to understanding initial hermeticity testing requirements and the subsequent limitations of these methods when applied to new package types.

  • Transmission Electron Microscopy: A Textbook for Materials Science, Volume 2, Edition 2

    Transmission Electron Microscopy: A Textbook for Materials Science, Volume 2, Edition 2
    David B. Williams

    This profusely illustrated text on Transmission Electron Microscopy provides the necessary instructions for successful hands-on application of this versatile materials characterization technique. The new edition also includes an extensive collection of questions for the student, providing approximately 800 self-assessment questions and over 400 questions suitable for homework assignment.

  • Basic Aspects of the Quantum Theory of Solids: Order and Elementary Excitations

    Basic Aspects of the Quantum Theory of Solids: Order and Elementary Excitations
    Daniel I. Khomskii

    Aimed at graduate students and researchers, this book covers the key aspects of the modern quantum theory of solids, including up-to-date ideas such as quantum fluctuations and strong electron correlations. It presents in the main concepts of the modern quantum theory of solids, as well as a general description of the essential theoretical methods required when working with these systems. Diverse topics such as general theory of phase transitions, harmonic and anharmonic lattices, Bose condensation and superfluidity, modern aspects of magnetism including resonating valence bonds, electrons in metals, and strong electron correlations are treated using unifying concepts of order and elementary excitations. The main theoretical tools used to treat these problems are introduced and explained in a simple way, and their applications are demonstrated through concrete examples.

  • Introduction to Nanoelectronics: Science, Nanotechnology, Engineering, and Applications

    Introduction to Nanoelectronics: Science, Nanotechnology, Engineering, and Applications
    Vladimir V. Mitin

    Increasing miniaturization of devices, components, and integrated systems requires developments in the capacity to measure, organize, and manipulate matter at the nanoscale. This textbook, first published in 2007, is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary account of the technology and science that underpin nanoelectronics, covering the underlying physics, nanostructures, nanomaterials, and nanodevices. Without assuming prior knowledge of quantum physics, this book provides a unifying framework for the basic ideas needed to understand the recent developments in the field. Numerous illustrations, homework problems and interactive Java applets help the student to appreciate the basic principles of nanotechnology, and to apply them to real problems. Written in a clear yet rigorous and interdisciplinary manner, this textbook is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in electrical and electronic engineering, nanoscience, materials, bioengineering, and chemical engineering.

  • Materials Concepts for Solar Cells

    Materials Concepts for Solar Cells
    Thomas Dittrich

    This textbook bridges the gap between basic literature on the physics of solar cells and highly specialized books about photovoltaic solar energy conversion. It is intended to give students with a background in engineering, materials science, chemistry or physics a comprehensive introduction to materials concepts for solar cells. To this end, general principles of solar cells and materials demands are explained in the first part of this book. The second part is devoted to the four classes of materials concepts for solar cells: solar cells based on crystals of silicon, epitaxial layer systems of III-V semiconductors, thin-film absorbers on foreign substrates, and nano-composite absorbers.

  • Nanotechnology For Dummies: Edition 2

    Nanotechnology For Dummies: Edition 2
    Earl Boysen

    The bestselling introductory guide on nanotechnology?now revised and updated The world of nanotechnology is ever changing and evolving; this fun and friendly guide demystifies the topic for anyone interested in how molecule-sized machines and processes affect our everyday lives. The authors begin with explaining the background of nanotechnology and then examine industries that are affected by this technology. Aiming to educate and simultaneously dispel common myths, the book explores the many nanotechnology-enabled consumer products available on the market today, ranging from socks to face lotion to jet skis to floor cleaners, to name a few. Serves as a fun and friendly introduction to the fascinating topic of nanotechnology Discusses the various issues involving nanotechnology in the areas of environment, medicine, defense, and others Provides real-world examples of everyday nanotechnology use such as floor cleaners, flash memory drives, face lotion, computer processors, and more Written in the accessible, humorous For Dummies style, Nanotechnology For Dummies, 2nd Edition provides an easy-to-understand overview of nanotechnology and its real-world implementation.

  • Electrochromism and Electrochromic Devices

    Electrochromism and Electrochromic Devices
    Paul Monk

    Electrochromic materials, both organic and inorganic, have widespread applications in light-attenuation, displays and analysis. Written in an accessible manner, this book provides a comprehensive treatment of all types of electrochromic systems and their many applications. Coverage develops from electrochromic scope and history to new searching presentations of optical quantification and theoretical mechanistic models. Non-electrode electrochromism and photo-electrochromism are summarised, with updated comprehensive reviews of electrochromic oxides (tungsten-trioxide particularly), metal co-ordination complexes and metal-cyanometallates, viologens and other organics; and more recent exotics such as fullerenes, hydrides, and conjugated electroactive polymers are also covered. The book concludes by examining device construction and durability. With an extensive bibliography, recent advances in the field, modern applications and a step-by-step development from simple examples to sophisticated theories, this book is ideal for researchers in materials science, polymer science, electrical engineering, physics, chemistry, bioscience and (applied) optoelectronics.

  • Plenty Of Room For Biology At The Bottom: An Introduction To Bionanotechnology (2nd Edition)

    Plenty Of Room For Biology At The Bottom: An Introduction To Bionanotechnology (2nd Edition)
    Gazit Ehud

    This expanded and updated edition of the 2007 version introduces readers from various backgrounds to the rapidly growing interface between biology and nanotechnology. It intellectually integrates concepts, applications, and outlooks from these major scientific fields and presents them to readers from diverse backgrounds in a comprehensive and didactic manner.Written by two leading nanobiologists actively involved at the forefront of the field both as researchers and educators, this book takes the reader from the fundamentals of nanobiology to the most advanced applications.The book fulfils a unique niche: to address not only students, but also scientists who are eager (and nowadays obliged) to learn about other state-of-the-art disciplines. The book is written in such a way as to be accessible to biologists, chemists, and physicists with no background in nanotechnology (for example biologists who are interested in inorganic nanostructures or physicists who would like to learn about biological assemblies and applications thereof). It is reader-friendly and will appeal to a wide audience not only in academia but also in the industry and anyone interested in learning more about nanobiotechnology.

  • Amorphous Silicon / Crystalline Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells

    Amorphous Silicon / Crystalline Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells
    Wolfgang Rainer Fahrner

    Amorphous Silicon/Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells deals with some typical properties of heterojunction solar cells, such as their history, the properties and the challenges of the cells, some important measurement tools, some simulation programs and a brief survey of the state of the art, aiming to provide an initial framework in this field and serve as a ready reference for all those interested in the subject. This book helps to “fill in the blanks” on heterojunction solar cells. Readers will receive a comprehensive overview of the principles, structures, processing techniques and the current developmental states of the devices. Prof. Dr. Wolfgang R. Fahrner is a professor at the University of Hagen, Germany and Nanchang University, China.

  • Structural DNA Nanotechnology

    Structural DNA Nanotechnology
    Nadrian C. Seeman

    Written by the founder of the field, this is the first text of its kind, providing a definitive introduction to structural DNA nanotechnology. Readers will learn everything there is to know about the subject from the unique perspective of the leading expert in the field. Topics covered range from origins and history, to design, experimental techniques, DNA nanomechanics devices, computing, and the uses of DNA nanotechnology in organising other materials. Clearly written, and benefiting from over 200 full colour illustrations, readers will find this an accessible and easy to follow text that is essential reading for anyone who wants to enter this rapidly growing field. Ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as researchers in a range of disciplines including nanotechnology, materials science, physics, biology, chemistry, computational science and engineering.

  • Problems In Solid State Physics With Solutions

    Problems In Solid State Physics With Solutions
    Han Fuxiang

    This book provides a practical approach to consolidate one's acquired knowledge or to learn new concepts in solid state physics through solving problems. It contains 300 problems on various subjects of solid state physics. The problems in this book can be used as homework assignments in an introductory or advanced course on solid state physics for undergraduate or graduate students.It can also serve as a desirable reference book to solve typical problems and grasp mathematical techniques in solid state physics. In practice, it is more fascinating and rewarding to learn a new idea or technique through solving challenging problems rather than through reading only. In this aspect, this book is not a plain collection of problems but it presents a large number of problem-solving ideas and procedures, some of which are valuable to practitioners in condensed matter physics.

  • Payback: Reaping the Rewards of Innovation

    Payback: Reaping the Rewards of Innovation
    James P. Andrew

    If you're like most people, you bet your career and company on innovation–because you must. Payback: Reaping the Rewards of Innovation offers you a new way to think about and manage innovation that will dramatically improve the odds of success.Authors James Andrew and Harold Sirkin, senior partners in The Boston Consulting Group, describe an approach to managing innovation based on the concept of a cash curve–which tracks investment against time. They ask the questions you need to ask: How much should you invest in a new product or service? How fast should you push it to market? How quickly can you get to optimal value? How much additional investment should you pour into sustaining and building the product or service?Payback offers you practical and economically sound advice on when to pursue cash flow indirectly by first pursuing other benefits, such as brand and knowledge. It also shows you how to reshape the cash curve by using different business models–integrator, orchestrator, and licenser–each of which balances risk and reward differently.The authors then present a short list of decisions and activities that you must make–not delegate–to achieve a high return on innovation. You won't find facile answers in Payback–but you will find valuable insights and practical guidance for mastering one of the most challenging and critical business activities: innovation.

  • Introduction to Nanoscience

    Introduction to Nanoscience
    Gabor L. Hornyak

    Tomorrow's nanoscientist will have a truly interdisciplinary and nano-centric education, rather than, for example, a degree in chemistry with a specialization in nanoscience. For this to happen, the field needs a truly focused and dedicated textbook. This full-color masterwork is such a textbook. It introduces the nanoscale along with the societal

  • Introduction to Biosensors: From Electric Circuits to Immunosensors, Edition 2

    Introduction to Biosensors: From Electric Circuits to Immunosensors, Edition 2
    Jeong-Yeol Yoon

    This book equips students with a thorough understanding of various types of sensors and biosensors that can be used for chemical, biological, and biomedical applications, including but not limited to temperature sensors, strain sensor, light sensors, spectrophotometric sensors, pulse oximeter, optical fiber probes, fluorescence sensors, pH sensor, ion-selective electrodes, piezoelectric sensors, glucose sensors, DNA and immunosensors, lab-on-a-chip biosensors, paper-based lab-on-a-chip biosensors, and microcontroller-based sensors. The author treats the study of biosensors with an applications-based approach, including over 15 extensive, hands-on labs given at the end of each chapter. The material is presented using a building-block approach, beginning with the fundamentals of sensor design and temperature sensors, and ending with more complicated biosensors.New to this second edition are sections on op-amp filters, pulse oximetry, meat quality monitoring, advanced fluorescent dyes, autofluorescence, various fluorescence detection methods, fluoride ion-selective electrode, advanced glucose sensing methods including continuous glucose monitoring, paper-based lab-on-a-chip, etc. A new chapter on nano-biosensors and an appendix on microcontrollers make this textbook ideal for undergraduate engineering students studying biosensors. It can also serve as a hands-on guide for scientists and engineers working in the sensor or biosensor industries.

  • Additive Manufacturing Technologies: 3D Printing, Rapid Prototyping, and Direct Digital Manufacturing, Edition 2

    Additive Manufacturing Technologies: 3D Printing, Rapid Prototyping, and Direct Digital Manufacturing, Edition 2
    Ian Gibson

    This book covers in detail the various aspects of joining materials to form parts. A conceptual overview of rapid prototyping and layered manufacturing is given, beginning with the fundamentals so that readers can get up to speed quickly. Unusual and emerging applications such as micro-scale manufacturing, medical applications, aerospace, and rapid manufacturing are also discussed. This book provides a comprehensive overview of rapid prototyping technologies as well as support technologies such as software systems, vacuum casting, investment casting, plating, infiltration and other systems.This book also:Reflects recent developments and trends and adheres to the ASTM, SI, and other standardsIncludes chapters on automotive technology, aerospace technology and low-cost AM technologiesProvides a broad range of technical questions to ensure comprehensive understanding of the concepts covered

  • Surface Acoustic Wave Devices in Telecommunications: Modelling and Simulation

    Surface Acoustic Wave Devices in Telecommunications: Modelling and Simulation
    Ken-Ya Hashimoto

    Although the existence of the surface acoustic wave (SAW) was first dis cussed in 1885 by Lord Rayleigh [1], it did not receive engineering interest for a long time. In 1965, the situation changed dramatically. White suggested that SAWs can be excited and detected efficiently by using an interdigital transducer (IDT) placed on a piezoelectric substrate [2]. This is because very fine IDTs can be mass-produced by using photolithography, which has been well developed for semiconductor device fabrication, and proper design of the IDT enables the construction of transversal filters with outstanding perfor mance. Then, in Europe and America, a vast amount of effort was invested in the research and development of SAW devices for military and communication uses, such as delay lines and pulse compression filters for radar and highly stable resonators for clock generation. Research activities are reflected in the various technical papers represented by special issues [3-5] and proceedings [6]. The establishment of design and fabrication technologies and the rapid growth of digital technologies, represented by the microcomputer, meant that the importance of SAW devices for the military decreased year by year and most researchers in national institutions and universities left this field after reductions or cuts in their financial support. Then the end of the Cold War forced many SAW researchers in companies to do so, too.

  • Introduction to Nanoscience

    Introduction to Nanoscience
    Stuart Lindsay

    Nanoscience is not physics, chemistry, engineering or biology. It is all of them, and it is time for a text that integrates the disciplines. This is such a text, aimed at advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in the sciences. The consequences of smallness and quantum behaviour are well known and described Richard Feynman's visionary essay 'There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom' (which is reproduced in this book). Another, critical, but thus far neglected, aspect of nanoscience is the complexity of nanostructures. Hundreds, thousands or hundreds of thousands of atoms make up systems that are complex enough to show what is fashionably called 'emergent behaviour'. Quite new phenomena arise from rare configurations of the system. Examples are the Kramer's theory of reactions (Chapter 3), the Marcus theory of electron transfer (Chapter 8), and enzyme catalysis, molecular motors, and fluctuations in gene expression and splicing, all covered in the final Chapter on Nanobiology. The book is divided into three parts. Part I (The Basics) is a self-contained introduction to quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics and chemical kinetics, calling on no more than basic college calculus. A conceptual approach and an array of examples and conceptual problems will allow even those without the mathematical tools to grasp much of what is important. Part II (The Tools) covers microscopy, single molecule manipulation and measurement, nanofabrication and self-assembly. Part III (Applications) covers electrons in nanostructures, molecular electronics, nano-materials and nanobiology. Each chapter starts with a survey of the required basics, but ends by making contact with current research literature.

  • Dna Nanotechnology For Bioanalysis: From Hybrid Dna Nanostructures To Functional Devices

    Dna Nanotechnology For Bioanalysis: From Hybrid Dna Nanostructures To Functional Devices
    Arrabito Giuseppe Domenico

    This book is intended for non-specialists and students, presenting a unique introduction to the field of DNA nanotechnology. The primary focus is on the extraordinary advantages of specificity and sensitivity obtained by integrating DNA nanostructures in bioanalytical devices.DNA Nanotechnology for Bioanalysis provides a concise and rigorous description for the fabrication of various types of functional nanostructures by optimized software-aided high-yield synthesis. Following this is the explanation of methods to decorate these nanostructures with molecules such as proteins, metal nanoparticles or bioorganic moieties covalently bonded onto DNA via self-assemblage processes. Also provided is a concise review on non-canonical DNA structures (such as G-quadruplexes) and their targeting by small molecules for applications in pharmacology. Finally, it describes the exciting applications of DNA nanostructures in life sciences and nanomedicine, including ultraspecific molecular delivery, control of cell behavior, analysis of cell lysate and DNA-based nano-tools for super-resolution sub-cellular imaging. Contents: Nanotechnology and the Unique Role of DNA (Elisa-C Schöneweiβ, Andreas Jaekel and Barbara Saccà)DNA as Building Material at the Nanoscale: From Concepts to Software-aided Design (Wolfgang Pfeifer, Georg Homa, Giuseppe Arrabito and Barbara Saccà)DNA Sensors for the Detection of Biomolecules and Biochemical Conditions (Birgitta R Knudsen, Anni H Andersen, Magnus Stougaard, Giuseppe Arrabito, Raffaella Suriano and Yi-Ping Ho)DNA Nanostructures in Cell Biology and Medicine (Liqian Wang and Giuseppe Arrabito)Targeting G-quadruplex DNA as Potential Anti-cancer Therapy (Riccardo Bonsignore, Elisa Trippodo and Giampaolo Barone)DNA-aided Super-resolution Bioimaging (JiaJun Li, Giuseppe Arrabito and ZhaoShuai Gao) Readership: Non-specialists, undergraduate students and researchers who are interested in learning the basics of DNA nanotechnology. Keywords: DNA Nanotechnology;Nanostructures;Non-Canonical DNA Structures;G Quadruplexes;Nano-Tools;DNA Origami;DNA Aptamers;Biosensors;Drug DeliveryReview: Key Features: Constitutes a clear introduction to the field of DNA NanotechnologyWritten in an easy and catchy styleContains information of the most recent findings in the world of DNA Nanotechnology (up to 2016), optimal for researchers who want to keep updated with the latest breakthroughs in the field

  • Precision Temperature Sensors in CMOS Technology

    Precision Temperature Sensors in CMOS Technology
    Micheal A.P. Pertijs

    The low cost and direct digital output of CMOS smart temperature sensors are important advantages compared to conventional temperature sensors. This book addresses the main problem that nevertheless prevents widespread – plication of CMOS smart temperature sensors: their relatively poor absolute accuracy. Several new techniques are introduced to improve this accuracy. The effectiveness of these techniques is demonstrated using three prototypes. ? The ?nal prototype achieves an inaccuracy of±0.1 C over the military t- perature range, which is a signi?cant improvement in the state of the art. Since smart temperature sensors have been the subject of academic and industrial research for more than two decades, an overview of existing knowledge and techniques is also provided throughout the book. Inthisintroductorychapter,themotivationandobjectivesofthisworkare- scribed. ThisisfollowedbyareviewofthebasicoperatingprinciplesofCMOS smart temperature sensors, and a brief overview of previous work. The ch- lenges are then described that need to be met in order to improve the accuracy of CMOS smart temperature sensors while maintaining their cost advantage. Finally, the structure of the rest of the book is introduced.

  • Fundamentals of Latex Film Formation: Processes and Properties

    Fundamentals of Latex Film Formation: Processes and Properties
    Joseph Keddie

    This book has emerged out of our long-time research interests on the topic of latex film formation. Over the years we have built up a repertoire of slides used in conference presentations, short courses and tutorials on the topic. The story presented in this book has thereby taken shape as it has been told and re-told to a mix of academic and industrial audiences. The book presents a wide body of work accumulated by the polymer colloids community over the past five decades, but the selection of examples has been flavoured by our particular experimental interests and development of mathematical models. We intend the book to be a starting point for academic and industrial scientists beginning research on latex film formation. The emphasis is on fundam- tal mechanisms, however, and not on applications nor on specific effects of formu- tions. We hope that the book consolidates the understanding that has been achieved to-date in the literature in a more comprehensive way than is possible in a review article. We trust that the reader will appreciate the fascination of the topic.

  • An Introduction to Interfaces and Colloids: The Bridge to Nanoscience

    An Introduction to Interfaces and Colloids: The Bridge to Nanoscience
    John C Berg

    The textbook seeks to bring readers with no prior knowledge or experience in interfacial phenomena, colloid science or nanoscience to the point where they can comfortably enter the current scientific and technical literature in the area.Designed as a pedagogical tool, this book recognizes the cross-disciplinary nature of the subject. To facilitate learning, the topics are developed from the beginning with ample cross-referencing. The understanding of concepts is enhanced by clear descriptions of experiments and provisions of figures and illustrations. The Solutions manual is available upon request for all instructors who adopt this book as a course text. Please send your request to [email protected](s)Errata

  • The Gecko’s Foot: How Scientists are Taking a Leaf from Nature s Book

    The Gecko’s Foot: How Scientists are Taking a Leaf from Nature’s Book
    Peter Forbes

    A cutting-edge science book in the style of ‘Fermat’s Last Theorem’ and ‘Chaos’ from an exciting and accessible voice in popular science writing. Bio-inspiration is a form of engineering but not in the conventional sense. Extending beyond our established and preconceived notions, scientists, architects and engineers are looking at imitating nature by manufacturing 'wet' materials such as spider silk or the surface of the gecko's foot. The amazing power of the gecko's foot has long been known – it can climb a vertical glass wall and even walk upside down on the ceiling – but no ideas could be harnessed from it because its mechanism could not be seen with the power of optical microscopes. Recently however the secret was solved by a team of scientists in Oregon who established that the mechanism really is dry, and that it does not involve suction, capillary action or anything else the lay person might imagine. Each foot has half a million bristles and each bristle ramifies into hundreds of finer spatula-shaped projections. The fine scale of the gecko's foot is beyond the capacity of conventional microengineering, but a team of nanotechnologists have already made a good initial approximation. The gecko's foot is just one of many examples of this new 'smart' science. We also discover, amongst other things, how George de Mestral's brush with the spiny fruits of the cocklebur inspired him to invent Velcro; how the shape of leaves opening from a bud has inspired the design of solar-powered satellites; and the parallels between cantilever bridges and the spines of large mammals such as the bison. The new 'smart' science of Bio-inspiration is going to produce a plethora of products over the next decades that will transform our lives, and force us to look at the world in a completely new way. It is science we will be reading about in our papers very soon; it is the science of tomorrow's world.

  • Modeling and Design of Flexible Pavements and Materials

    Modeling and Design of Flexible Pavements and Materials
    Dallas N. Little

    This textbook lays out the state of the art for modeling of asphalt concrete as the major structural component of flexible pavements. The text adopts a pedagogy in which a scientific approach, based on materials science and continuum mechanics, predicts the performance of any configuration of flexible roadways subjected to cyclic loadings. The authors incorporate state-of the-art computational mechanics to predict the evolution of material properties, stresses and strains, and roadway deterioration. Designed specifically for both students and practitioners, the book presents fundamentally complex concepts in a clear and concise way that aids the roadway design community to assimilate the tools for designing sustainable roadways using both traditional and innovative technologies.

  • Nanofabrication: Principles, Capabilities and Limits

    Nanofabrication: Principles, Capabilities and Limits
    Zheng Cui

    Nanofabrication: Principles, Capabilities and Limits presents a one-stop description at the introductory level on most technologies that have been developed which are capable of making structures below 100nm. Principles of each technology are introduced and illustrated with minimum mathematics involved. The capabilities of each technology in making sub-100nm structures are described. The limits of preventing a technology from further going down the dimensional scale are analyzed. Drawing upon years of practical experience and using numerous examples, Zheng Cui covers state-of-the art technologies in nanofabrication including: Photon-based lithography Charged particle beams lithography Nanofabrication using scanning probes Nanoscale replication Nanoscale pattern transfer Indirect nanofabrication Nanofabrication by self-assembly Nanofabrication: Principles, Capabilities and Limits will serve as a practical guide and first-hand reference for researchers and practitioners working in nanostructure fabrication and also provides a "tool box" of various techniques that can be easily adapted in different fields of applications. Written for: Nanoscience and nanotechnology researchers and engineers, technical professionals and academic researchers in the fields of electrtonics, mechanical engineering, and chemical engineering.