List books in category Medicine / Preventive Medicine

  • The Handbook of Health Behavior Change, Third Edition: Edition 3

    The Handbook of Health Behavior Change, Third Edition: Edition 3
    Sally A. Shumaker, PhD

    "This work will be the one that students and clinicans keep on their shelves as the gold-standard reference for health behavior change. Summing Up: Essential"–Choice"The third edition of this handbook provides students and practitioners with the most complete and up-to-date resource on contemporary topics in the field of health behavior change." Score: 95, 4 stars–Doody'sPraise for the second edition: "This handbook sets a standard for conceptually based, empirically validated health behavior change interventions for the prevention and treatment of major diseases. It is an invaluable resource for the field of behavioral medicine as we work toward greater integration of proven health behavior change interventions into evidence-based medical practice."–Susan J. Curry, PhD, Director, Center for Health Studies, Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound; Fellow, Society of Behavioral MedicineNumerous acute and chronic diseases can be prevented simply by maintaining healthy behavioral patterns. This handbook provides practical and authoritative health management information for both health psychologists and primary care physicians whose clients and patients suffer from health-related issues and risks. The text also serves as a useful resource for policy makers and graduate students studying public health or health psychology.This new edition of The Handbook of Health Behavior Change provides an updated and expanded view of the factors that influence the adoption of healthy behaviors. The contributors also examine the individual, social, and cultural factors that can inhibit or promote health behavior change. Key Features:Reviews of past and current models of health behavior change, disease prevention, disease management, and relapse preventionComprehensive coverage of health-related issues, including dietary needs, tobacco and drug use, safer sexual practices, and stress managementAnalysis of behavior change within specific populations (young, elderly, cognitively impaired, etc.)Factors that predict or serve as obstacles to lifestyle change and adherence

  • Immunology of HIV Infection

    Immunology of HIV Infection
    Sudhir Gupta

    Leading experts provide the only comprehensive book examining all aspects of immune response and immune-based treatments for HIV infection. Contributions, divided into three sections, discuss basic mechanisms, immunopathogenesis of HIV infection, and immune-based therapies. Researchers thoroughly review vaccine-including prospects of T cell vaccine-and gene therapy for HIV infection. Additional topics include organization of HIV genes, the role of co-receptors in signaling of lymphocytes, and biological response modifiers. This reference is designed for basic and clinical researchers, internists, pediatricians, infectious disease specialists, neuropathologists, oncologists, and rheumatologists.

  • Hormones, Genes, and Cancer

    Hormones, Genes, and Cancer
    Brian E. Henderson

    Hormonal carcinogenesis is an important and controversial area of current research. In addition to accelerating existing cancers, can hormones play the role of primary carcinogens? How do genetic factors influence hormone-related cancer risk? Hormones, Genes, and Cancer addresses these questions. Over the past few decades, cancer research has focused on external environmental causes(e.g., tobacco smoke, viruses, asbestos). With the advent of new genetic sequencing techniques, we are just now beginning to understand how the body's internal environment(i.e., the hormones and growth factors that determine normal development) influences cancer etiology and prevention. From molecular insights to clinical analyses, this volume provides state-of-the-art information on the complex interactions between hormones and genes and cancer. The epidemiology and molecular endocrinology of prostate, breast, uterine, ovarian and testicular cancer are detailed in this timely treatise.

  • The Whole Life Prostate Book: Everything That Every Man-at Every Age-Needs to Know About Maintaining Optimal Prostate Health

    The Whole Life Prostate Book: Everything That Every Man-at Every Age-Needs to Know About Maintaining Optimal Prostate Health
    H. Ballentine Carter

    MEN TODAY face a growing health crisis. More than twenty million nationwide are affected by a prostate health issue, and more than two hundred thousand are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. Many of these problems are preventable because they are related to the chronic diseases of age associated with poor health choices. Dr. H. Ballentine Carter is a preeminent expert in the diagnosis and management of prostate disease, and he believes that it’s never too late—or too early—to make important changes to improve and maintain overall prostate health. Dr. Carter provides men of all ages the one resource that details what needs to be done when in crisis, but more important, he supplies crucial advice about how to prevent a prostate crisis from ever occurring. Whether a man is in his twenties, thirties, or sixties, he is one day closer to being told he has a prostate problem. But positive lifestyle changes that incorporate diet, exercise, and health maintenance can significantly lower those odds. Dr. Carter shows you how in this comprehensive and authoritative guide, The Whole Life Prostate Book. With wisdom gleaned from his many years in the field, Dr. Carter cuts through the overwhelming amount of information—and misinformation—on the topic, arming men with the knowledge they need to make the best decisions about prevention, testing, and treatment. In clear language, he explains how to read test results and outlines the management options available for lower urinary tract symptoms; inflammation of the prostate; and management strategies for prostate cancer, including no immediate treatment—an approach pioneered by Dr. Carter himself that’s designed to preserve quality of life. Filled with simple and nutritious recipes, easy-to-follow workout routines, and a straightforward approach to demystifying the complex medical jargon of prostate disease, The Whole Life Prostate Book is an empowering manual for maintaining optimal health throughout a man’s life.

  • Handbook of Injury and Violence Prevention

    Handbook of Injury and Violence Prevention
    Lynda Doll

    This comprehensive manual details injury and violence interventions that have proven to work effectively with vulnerable populations across all stages of life. It will benefit practitioners who manage, implement, or evaluate injury or violence prevention programs; policymakers who influence injury or violence prevention through legislation and other policies; university faculty who teach coursework in injury and violence prevention; and graduate students preparing to work in or with injury or violence prevention programs. The Handbook on Injury and Violence Prevention is a must read for all who strive to make our world safer and healthier. Julie Louise Gerberding, MD, MPH, Director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Injuries kill and maim millions each year, and seriously impact the lives of countless loved ones. Yet until recently they’ve been considered a random, normal part of life. Preventing injuries, on the other hand, requires not only effective communication with the public, but also a reliable framework for creating and evaluating suitable interventions. The Handbook of Injury and Violence Prevention is the first book to address both halves of this challenge, reviewing evidence-based intervention programs in depth so professionals can identify successful, promising, and ineffective (and potentially harmful) prevention strategies. Over fifty experts present the current landscape of intervention methods – from risk reduction to rethinking social norms – as they address some of the most prevalent forms of accidental and violent injury, as well as emerging areas. – Overview chapters examine the social and economic scope of unintentional and violent injury today – Extensive literature review of specific intervention programs to prevent violence and injury – Special chapters on childhood injuries, alcohol-related accidents, and disasters – "Interventions in the Field" section offers solid guidelines for implementing and improving existing programs – Critical analysis of issues involved in delivering programs to wider audiences – Helpful appendices list relevant agencies and professional resources This dual focus on intervention and application makes the Handbook a bedrock text for professionals involved in delivering or managing prevention programs. Its what-works-now approach gives it particular utility in the graduate classroom, and researchers will benefit from the critical attention paid to knowledge gaps in the field. It is a major resource for any reader committed to reducing the number of incidents just waiting to happen.

  • Bodily Matters: The Anti-Vaccination Movement in England, 1853–1907

    Bodily Matters: The Anti-Vaccination Movement in England, 1853–1907
    Nadja Durbach

    Bodily Matters explores the anti-vaccination movement that emerged in England in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth in response to government-mandated smallpox vaccination. By requiring a painful and sometimes dangerous medical procedure for all infants, the Compulsory Vaccination Act set an important precedent for state regulation of bodies. From its inception in 1853 until its demise in 1907, the compulsory smallpox vaccine was fiercely resisted, largely by members of the working class who interpreted it as an infringement of their rights as citizens and a violation of their children’s bodies. Nadja Durbach contends that the anti-vaccination movement is historically significant not only because it was arguably the largest medical resistance campaign ever mounted in Europe but also because it clearly articulated pervasive anxieties regarding the integrity of the body and the role of the modern state.Analyzing historical documents on both sides of the vaccination debate, Durbach focuses on the key events and rhetorical strategies of the resistance campaign. She shows that those for and against the vaccine had very different ideas about how human bodies worked and how best to safeguard them from disease. Individuals opposed to mandatory vaccination saw their own and their children’s bodies not as potentially contagious and thus dangerous to society but rather as highly vulnerable to contamination and violation. Bodily Matters challenges the notion that resistance to vaccination can best be understood, and thus easily dismissed, as the ravings of an unscientific “lunatic fringe.” It locates the anti-vaccination movement at the very center of broad public debates in Victorian England over medical developments, the politics of class, the extent of government intervention into the private lives of its citizens, and the values of a liberal society.

  • Health Care for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities across the Lifespan

    Health Care for People with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities across the Lifespan
    I. Leslie Rubin

    This book provides a broad overview of quality health care for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). It focuses on providing the reader a practical approach to dealing with the health and well-being of people with IDD in general terms as well as in dealing with specific conditions. In addition, it offers the reader a perspective from many different points of view in the health care delivery system as well as in different parts of the world. This is the 3rd , and much expanded edition, of a text that was first published in 1989 (Lea and Fibiger). The second edition was published in 2006 (Paul Brookes) and has been used as a formal required text in training programs for physicians, nurses and nurse practitioners as well as by administrators who are responsible for programs serving people with IDD. This book is considered the “Bible” in the field of health care for people with IDD since 1989 when the first edition came out.

  • National Cancer Institute and American Cancer Society: Criminal Indifference to Cancer Prevention and Conflicts of Interest

    National Cancer Institute and American Cancer Society: Criminal Indifference to Cancer Prevention and Conflicts of Interest
    Samuel S. Epstein

  • Around the Globe for Women s Health: A Practical Guide for the Health Care Provider

    Around the Globe for Women’s Health: A Practical Guide for the Health Care Provider
    Taraneh Shirazian

    In the increasingly globalized twenty-first century, cross-cultural communication and knowledge of culturally informed health practices are critical skills for women’s health providers. Around the Globe for Women’s Health is a concise, culturally sensitive, and clinically relevant guide that aims to increase health equity through prevention and improved clinical care for women around the world. Case-based chapters highlight clinical issues (such as obstetric fistula, malaria, and postpartum hemorrhage) and barriers to care (the unmet need for family planning, or limited radiotherapy in low-resource countries, for example). Around the Globe for Women's Health is a must-have resource not just for physicians considering working in another country, but all providers seeking to provide better care for diverse populations of women within the United States.

  • Age Right: Turn Back the Clock with a Proven, Personalized, Anti-Aging Program

    Age Right: Turn Back the Clock with a Proven, Personalized, Anti-Aging Program
    Karlis Ullis

    Welcome to the new age in antiaging therapyDon't resign yourself to growing old gracefully. With Age Right as your guide, you can reduce body fat, increase strength and energy, and boost your sex drive, all while adding years to your life. With his revolutionary approach, Karlis Ullis, M.D,, provides you with the latest methods for stopping — and even reversing — the aging process. Based on twenty years of pioneering work with Olympic and professional athletes, Age Right offers an antiaging program that helps you extend your life span by identifying your unique aging pathway through the "Mind-Body-Spirit" test.USING A STEP-BY-STEP, PERSONALIZED PLAN OF EXERCISE, NUTRITION, AND ANTIAGING SUPPLEMENTS, THIS UNIQUE PROGRAM OFFERSThe most up-to-date information on how and why we age, and the four key factors in the aging processSelf-tests to determine your "biological age" (versus your chronological age)Expert advice on the best combination of nutrition, exercise, and supplements to fight the effects of age-related problems as indicated by your aging pathwaySpecific guidelines for modifying your antiaging regimen based on gender, fitness level, and lifestyleDetailed descriptions of all the antiaging supplements available today as well as treatments for the next millenniumPractical and extensive resources for choosing the right supplements, creating a specific diet and exercise plan, and finding the best antiaging health professionals

  • Health Without Borders: Epidemics in the Era of Globalization

    Health Without Borders: Epidemics in the Era of Globalization
    Paolo Vineis

    This book discusses globalization and its impact on human health. The population of the world grew from 1 billion in 1800 to 7 billion in 2012, and over the past 50 years the mean temperature has risen faster than ever before. Both factors continue to rise, as well as health inequalities. Our environment is changing rapidly, with tremendous consequences for our health. These changes produce complex and constantly varying interactions between the biosphere, economy, climate and human health, forcing us to approach future global health trends from a new perspective. Preventive actions to improve health, especially in low-income countries, are essential if our future is going to be a sustainable one. After a period of undeniable improvement in the health of the world’s population, this improvement is likely to slow down and we will experience– at least locally – crises of the same magnitude as have been observed in financial markets since 2009. There is instability in health systems, which will worsen if preventive and buffering mechanisms do not take on a central role. We cannot exclude the possibility that the allied forces of poverty, social inequalities, climate change, industrial food and lack of governance will lead to a deterioration in the health of large sectors of the population. In low-income countries, while many of the traditional causes of death (infectious diseases) are still highly prevalent, other threats typical of affluent societies (obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases) are increasing. Africa is not only affected by malaria, TB and HIV, but also by skyrocketing rates of cancer. The book argues that the current situation requires effective and coordinated multinational interventions guided by the principle of health as a common good. An entirely competition-driven economy cannot – by its very nature – address global challenges that require full international cooperation. A communal global leadership is called for.Paolo Vineis is Chair of Environmental Epidemiology at Imperial College. His current research activities focus on examining biomarkers of disease risk as well as studying the effects of climate change on non-communicable diseases.“From morality to molecules, environment to equity, climate change to cancer, and politics to pathology, this is a wonderful tour of global health – consistently presented in a clear, readable format. Really, an important contribution.”Professor Sir Michael Marmot Director, Institute of Health Equity University College London Author of “The Health Gap”“This book is a salutary and soundly argued reminder that the ‘common good’ is not simply what remains after individuals and groups have appropriated the majority of societal resources: it is in fact the foundation on which any society rests and without which it collapses.” Rodolfo Saracci, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

  • Do You Really Need Back Surgery?: A Surgeon s Guide to Neck and Back Pain and How to Choose Your Treatment

    Do You Really Need Back Surgery?: A Surgeon’s Guide to Neck and Back Pain and How to Choose Your Treatment
    Aaron G. Filler M.D.

    Most people have back surgery to relieve pain, but all too often it doesn't help. For the half million people who undergo back surgery each year, and the additional million who are seriously contemplating it, Do You Really Need Back Surgery? is a godsend–an informed, reliable guide to when you should consider surgery and when you should not. Written by an internationally recognized expert in nerve and spinal surgery, this highly readable guide covers everything back patients need to know to make informed decisions about their treatment. The book discusses the details of spinal anatomy; the difference between acute, chronic, and recurring pain; shows how to keep the spine healthy; and explains such terms as spurs, stenosis, and slippage. It also reveals what clues your physician uses to predict whether a given type of pain is likely to go away with rest and exercise, and which types may become emergencies. Dr. Filler discusses the risks of surgery, the decisions you may be faced with and what options you have, and your expectations for recovery. He provides detailed explanations of the wide array of spinal injections and surgeries, including discectomies and fusions, as well as innovative procedures such as electrothermic and laser techniques and artificial disks. He explains the various medical imaging and diagnostic tests available and even covers the complexities of health insurance. From Pilates to pedicle screws, and from osteoporosis to spina bifida, Do You Really Need Back Surgery? covers all the questions your doctor usually doesn't have the time to answer. Featuring more than 80 illustrations, it is an essential manual for every neck or back pain sufferer.

  • Colloidal Silver Today: The All Natural, Wide-Spectrum Germ Killer

    Colloidal Silver Today: The All Natural, Wide-Spectrum Germ Killer
    Warren Jefferson

    Colloidal silver is becoming the people's germ killer cheap, easily manufactured, and effective. Thoroughly documented with the latest findings from leading researchers working with colloidal silver, this book will answer many of the questions about this amazing substance. You'll discover how colloidal silver is being used as an alternative to antibiotic, antiviral, and antifungal products, and read testimonials from people who have been helped by its healing power. Includes plans to build a simple colloidal silver generator which will allow you to make colloidal silver at home for pennys an ounce. Includes photos and illustrations .

  • Disease Reprieve: Living into the Golden Years

    Disease Reprieve: Living into the Golden Years
    Dr. T. C. McDaniel

    The Golden Years Society Inc. is pleased to announce the publication of Disease Reprieve by Dr. T. C. McDaniel. Dr. McDaniel is a sole practitioner in Cincinnati, specializing in Cardiovascular-Renal disease. He writes in detail about his 35 years of research in an effort to cure his personal health problems, and outlines in detail how he applied those scientific principles to the care and treatment of more than 10,000 patients. For the first time, both Physicians and patients will learn the components of The Wheel of MisFortune. This teaching device has been used successfully in Seminars for Physicians in the U.S., Canada and Europe. Now you can learn how to apply these scientific principles to your own health care. A Physician enjoys no greater advantage than his or her patient, succumbing to the ravages of disease at an average age of 57. Cardiovascular-Renal Disease takes more than a million lives each year, the majority long before retirement age. As the Medical Director of The Golden Years Society, Dr. McDaniel shares the story of his family – six senior citizens from ages 70 – 93. These siblings enjoy the cumulative advantages of Disease Reprieve regimen, without assisted living, wheel chairs or canes. They have a cumulative 126 years of Social Security benefits, a result of living longer than the Actuaries predicted.Dr. McDaniel is 85, conducts a full medical practice, has published two books, and frequently lectures to civic organizations and medical groups. The Government estimates the cost of Cardiovascular Disease in 1999 to be in excess of 0 billion dollars. The Golden Years Society watched with interest a press conference in early 1997, announcing FDA approval of a drug they called 'the first new approach to the treatment of heart failure approved by the FDA in 14 years'! One Physician attending this press conference stated with great sincerity that heart failure is a life threatening condition whose incidence in the U. S. has been rising. What an understatement. Every 33 seconds an American dies of Cardiovascular Disease, more than 950,000 deaths last year. In contrast, cancer deaths totaled approximately 537,000 and AIDS about 42,000. These rather dry statistics are translated into death and disability for us and/or our loved ones. No family is immune from the risk of Cardiovascular-Renal Disease. The Golden Years Society has been successfully treating patients during the time the pharmaceutical companies, and the FDA were studying 'potential therapies'. Why are our patients able to resume active lifestyles free of many or most of their initial complaints? Because the Disease Reprieve regimen teaches patients the CAUSE of Cardiovascular Disease. Our patients understand the importance of food and drink in PREVENTING and reversing Cardiovascular Disease. You will learn that the single greatest medical device of the 20th Century is the Reverse Osmosis water unit. No more Arrhythmia, generally excused away by such wandering generalities as 'we see these PVC's in people your age'. No competent Engineer would characterize a fuel pump malfunction so nonchalantly.Physicians attending our Disease Reprieve seminars inevitably confide that their practice is suffering due to the onslaught of Managed Care rules and regulations, the endless stream of paperwork from Medicare/Medicaid and private insurance companies, and the high cost of staffing requirements to complete all that paperwork.We have Golden Years franchises in several locations throughout the country. As the prototype for these franchises, our office is equipped with digital cameras, computers with graphics programs, and scanners, all designed to take advantage of new technology. Please recognize that technology will not r

  • The HPV Vaccine On Trial: Seeking Justice For A Generation Betrayed

    The HPV Vaccine On Trial: Seeking Justice For A Generation Betrayed
    Mary Holland

    A Groundbreaking Guide to the HPV Vaccine and the Science, Safety, and Business Behind It Cancer strikes fear in people’s hearts around globe. So the appearance of a vaccine to prevent cancer–as we are assured the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine will–seemed like a game-changer. Since 2006, over eighty countries have approved the vaccine, with glowing endorsements from the world’s foremost medical authorities. Bringing in over $2.5 billion in annual sales, the HPV vaccine is a pharmaceutical juggernaut. Yet scandal now engulfs it worldwide.The HPV Vaccine on Trial is a shocking tale, chronicling the global efforts to sell and compel this alleged miracle. The book opens with the vaccine’s invention, winds through its regulatory labyrinths, details the crushing denial and dismissal of reported harms and deaths, and uncovers the enormous profits pharma and inventors have reaped. Authors Holland, Mack Rosenberg, and Iorio drill down into the clinical trial data, government approvals, advertising, and personal accounts of egregious injuries that have followed in countries as far-flung as Japan, Australia, Colombia, India, Ireland, the U.K. and Denmark. The authors have written an unprecedented exposé about this vaunted vaccine. Written in plain language, the book is for everyone concerned – parents, patients, doctors, nurses, scientists, healthcare organizations, government officials, and schools. Ultimately, this book is not just about the HPV vaccine, but about how industry, government, and medical authorities may be putting the world’s children in harm’s way.

  • Epidemiology & Public Health

    Epidemiology & Public Health
    B. Joseph

    This booklet is designed to help both Undergraduate and Post-graduate students understand basic concepts in Epidemiology and Public Health and answer common exam questions accurately. Exam questions and answers include; odds ratios, relative risks, rates, p-value, mortality rates, case fatality rates, incidence calculation and epidemiological study designs.

  • Obesity Treatment and Prevention: New Directions

    Obesity Treatment and Prevention: New Directions
    A. Drewnowski

    Obesity continues to be a major problem for global public health, affecting not only adults, but increasingly also adolescents and even young children. Moreover, obesity and diabetes are no longer limited to wealthy societies: rates are also rising in low- and middle-income countries.Summarizing some of the key issues in obesity treatment and prevention, this publication promotes novel and interdisciplinary approaches and explores cutting-edge ideas that span child development, nutrition, behavioral sciences, economics, geography and public health.Contributions suggest a sequence of steps that may result in new ways to address obesity at the personal as well as at the population level: First, a clear understanding of who becomes obese, where, and for what reason is needed. Second, the likely contributions to overeating by the brain, biology, economics and the environment need to be identified. Then, based on the understanding of disease etiology and its distribution by geography and by social strata, targeted yet comprehensive strategies for obesity prevention and treatment for both individuals and groups need to be developed.

  • Health Issues in the Black Community: Edition 3

    Health Issues in the Black Community: Edition 3
    Ronald L. Braithwaite

    Health Issues in the Black Community THIRD EDITION "The outstanding editors and authors of Health Issues in the Black Community have placed in clear perspective the challenges and opportunities we face in working to achieve the goal of health equity in America." —David Satcher, MD, PhD, 16th Surgeon General of the United States and director, Satcher Health Leadership Institute at Morehouse School of Medicine "Eliminating health disparities must be a central goal of any forward thinking national health policy. Health Issues in the Black Community makes a valuable contribution to a much-needed dialogue by focusing on the challenges of the black community." —Marc Morial, Esq., president, National Urban League "Health Issues in the Black Community illuminates comprehensively the range of health conditions specifically affecting African Americans, and the health disparities both within the black community and between racial and ethnic groups. Each chapter, whether addressing the health of African Americans by age, gender, type of disease, condition or behavior, is well-detailed and tells an important story. Together, they offer practitioners, consumers, scholars, and policymakers a crucial roadmap to address and change the social determinants of health, reduce disparities, and create more equal treatment for all Americans." —Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, MD, MBA, president, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation "I recommend Health Issues in the Black Community as a must-read for anyone concerned about the future of the African American community. Health disparities continues to be one of the major issues confronting the black community. This book will help to highlight the issues and keep attention focused on the work to be done." — Elsie Scott, PhD, president of the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation "This book is the definitive examination of health issues in black America—issues sadly overlooked and downplayed in our culture and society. I congratulate Drs. Braithwaite, Taylor, and Treadwell for their monumental book." —Cornel West, PhD, professor, Princeton University

  • The Objective Monitoring of Physical Activity: Contributions of Accelerometry to Epidemiology, Exercise Science and Rehabilitation

    The Objective Monitoring of Physical Activity: Contributions of Accelerometry to Epidemiology, Exercise Science and Rehabilitation
    Roy J. Shephard

    This book examines the new knowledge that has been gained from the objective monitoring of habitual physical activity by means of pedometers and accelerometers. It reviews current advances in the technology of activity monitoring and details advantages of objective monitors relative to physical activity questionnaires. It points to continuing gaps in knowledge, and explores the potential for further advances in the design of objective monitoring devices. Epidemiologists have studied relationships between questionnaire assessments of habitual physical activity and various medical conditions for some seventy years. In general, they have observed positive associations between regular exercise and good health, but because of inherent limitations in the reliability and accuracy of physical activity questionnaires, optimal exercise recommendations for the prevention and treatment of disease have remained unclear. Inexpensive pedometers and accelerometers now offer the epidemiologist the potential to collect relatively precisely graded and objective information on the volume, intensity and patterns of effort that people are undertaking, to relate this data to past and future health experience, and to establish dose/response relationships between physical activity and the various components of health. Such information is important both in assessing the causal nature of the observed associations and in establishing evidence-based recommendations concerning the minimal levels of daily physical activity needed to maintain good health.

  • Rose s Strategy of Preventive Medicine

    Rose’s Strategy of Preventive Medicine
    Geoffrey Rose

    The Strategy of Preventive Medicine, by Geoffrey Rose, first published in 1993 remains a key text for anyone involved in preventive medicine. Rose's insights into the inextricable relationship between ill health, or deviance, in individuals and populations they come from, have transformed our whole approach to strategies for improving health. His personal and unique book, based on many years research, sets out the case that the essential determinants of the health of society are to be found in its mass characteristics. The deviant minority can only be understood when seen in its societal context, and effective prevention requires changes which involve the population as a whole. He explores the options for prevention, considering them from various viewpoints – theoretical and scientific, sociological and poitical, practical and ethical. The applications of his ideas are illustrated by a variety of examples ranging from heart disease to alcoholism to road accidents. His pioneering work focused on a population wide approach to the prevention of common medical and behavioural disorders has become the classic text on the subject. This reissue brings the original text to a new generation involved in preventive medicine. Kay-Tee Khaw and Michael Marmot retain the original text intact, but have added their own perspective on the work. They examine what relevance Rose's ideas might have in the era of the human genome project and other major scientific advances, they consider examples of how the theory might be applied and generalised in medicine and beyond, and discuss what implications it holds for the future. There is also an explanation of the population perspective, clarifying the often confused thinking and arguments about determinants of individual cases and determinants of population incidence. Rose's Strategy of Preventive Medicine will ensure that this seminal work continues to be read by future generations.

  • Handbook of Anthropometry: Physical Measures of Human Form in Health and Disease

    Handbook of Anthropometry: Physical Measures of Human Form in Health and Disease
    Victor R. Preedy

    Although its underlying concept is a relatively simple one—the measurement of the human body and its parts—anthropometry employs a myriad of methods and instruments, and is useful for a variety of purposes, from understanding the impact of disease on individuals to tracking changes in populations over time. The first interdisciplinary reference on the subject, the Handbook of Anthropometry brings this wide-ranging field together: basic theory and highly specialized topics in normal and abnormal anthropometry in terms of health, disease prevention, and intervention. Over 140 self-contained chapters cover up-to-date indices, the latest studies on computerized methods, shape-capturing systems, and bioelectrical impedance, data concerning single tissues and whole-body variables, and reports from different areas of the world. Chapters feature helpful charts and illustrations, cross-references to related chapters are included, and key points are presented in bullet form for ease of comprehension. Together, the Handbook’s thirteen sections entail all major aspects of anthropometrical practice and research, including: Tools and techniques. Developmental stages, from fetus to elder. Genetic diseases, metabolic diseases, and cancer. Exercise and nutrition. Ethnic, cultural, and geographic populations. Special conditions and circumstances. The Handbook of Anthropometry is an invaluable addition to the reference libraries of a broad spectrum of health professionals, among them health scientists, physicians, physiologists, nutritionists, dieticians, nurses, public health researchers, epidemiologists, exercise physiologists, and physical therapists. It is also useful to college-level students and faculty in the health disciplines, as well as to policymakers and ergonomists.

  • Your Health Destiny: How to Unlock Your Natural Ability to Overcome Illness, Feel Better, and Live Longer

    Your Health Destiny: How to Unlock Your Natural Ability to Overcome Illness, Feel Better, and Live Longer
    Eva Selhub, M.D.

    An internist and clinical instructor at Harvard Medical School fuses Eastern practices with cutting edge Western medicine to help you connect body and mind to transform your health today and tomorrow.Over the course of her decades-long career, Dr. Eva Selhub has discovered a fundamental truth: health, happiness, and strength are often a direct result of the affirmative choices we make, regardless of whatever genetic or environmental setbacks we face. When our bodies get sick, we often feel out of control—a cycle of fear that leaves us feeling vulnerable and helpless, desperate for medication or tests that will make us well. But illness shouldn’t make us afraid. We do have control over our wellbeing, contends Dr. Selhub, and we can make choices that can positively influence any health issue, big or small, acute or chronic. It’s all about perception—how you view yourself, your resources, and your circumstances. Drawing on findings in the emerging field of epigenetics, she reveals how we can bolster the mind-body connection and actually change the way our DNA operates.In Your Health Destiny, Dr. Selhub teaches you how to pay attention to your body’s signals, to understand what these signals mean, and to make the right choices that will bring amazing results to your health, now and for the future. You will discover ways to prevent disease from happening or getting worse; and even find that you can reverse the disease process all together.We have more power than we think. Your Health Destiny shows you how to harness it to improve your life.

  • Physician Mental Health and Well-Being: Research and Practice

    Physician Mental Health and Well-Being: Research and Practice
    Kirk J. Brower

    This book explores the important topic of mental health and related problems among physicians, including trainees. The all-too-common human response of “suffering in silence” and refusing to seek help for professional and personal issues has ramifications for physicians who work in safety-sensitive positions, where clear-headed judgment and proper action can save lives. Problems covered include burnout, disruptive and unprofessional behaviors, impaired performance, traumatic stress, addiction, depression and other mood disorders, and suicide. The authors of this work include psychologists, psychiatrists, and other physicians who diagnose and treat a range of patients with stress-related syndromes. Among their patients are physicians who benefit greatly from education, support, coaching, and treatment. The book's content is organized into three parts with interconnecting themes. Part I focuses on symptoms and how physicians’ problems manifest at the workplace. Part II discusses the disorders underlying the manifesting symptoms. Part III focuses on interventions at both the individual and organizational levels. The major themes investigated throughout the book are developmental aspects; mental health and wellbeing as a continuum; and the multifactorial contributions of individual, interpersonal, organizational, and cultural elements to physician health.This book is intended for anyone who works with, provides support to, or professionally treats distressed physicians. It is also intended for healthcare leaders and organizations that are motivated to improve the experience of providing care and to change the culture of silence, such that seeking help and counsel become normal activities while minimizing stigma. By writing this book, the authors aim to outline effective pathways to well-being and a healthy work-life balance among physicians, so that they may provide optimal and safe care to their patients.

  • Workplace Environmental Design in Architecture for Public Health: Impacts on Occupant Space Use and Physical Activity

    Workplace Environmental Design in Architecture for Public Health: Impacts on Occupant Space Use and Physical Activity
    Stamatina Th. Rassia

    This concise volume analyzes the potential for the workplace environment—where so many people spend so much of their day—to improve workers’ capacity for health and wellness. It pinpoints the link between sedentary lifestyles and poor health, and explores the role of office spatial design in encouraging physical activity to promote physical activity, health and prevent disease. The featured research study tracks workers’ movement in a variety of office layouts, addressing possible ways movement-friendly design can co-exist with wireless communication, paperless offices, and new corporate concepts of productivity. From these findings, the author’s conclusions extend public health concepts to recognize that influencing population-wide levels of activity through office architectural design alone may be possible. This SpringerBrief is comprised of chapters on : Physical activity and disease: Theory and practice Space-use and the history of the office building Identifying factors of the office architectural design that influence movement, Interdisciplinary research methods in studying worker physical activity, decision-making and office design characteristics The KINESIS model for simulating physical activity in office environmentsThe questions and potential for solutions in Workplace Environmental Design in Architecture for Public Health will interest and inform researchers in interdisciplinary topics of public health and architecture as well as graduate and post-graduate students, architects, economists, managers, businesses as well as health-conscious readers.

  • Nursing in Critical Care Setting: An Overview from Basic to Sensitive Outcomes

    Nursing in Critical Care Setting: An Overview from Basic to Sensitive Outcomes
    Irene Comisso

    This book provides essential insights into how the approach to nursing care in ICU patients has markedly changed over recent years. It shows how the focus has progressively moved away from the technical approach that characterized early ICUs to a wider personalization of patient care that also highlights general problems such as basic hygiene and general comfort. It also demonstrates that, at the same time, the nurses' role has become more professionalized, with increasing competences in assessing and managing patients' problems and measuring related outcomes. It is structured in four units: Unit 1 presents the essential elements of accurate vital-function and basic-needs assessments for ICU patients, using both instrumental monitoring and specially validated assessment tools. Unit 2 addresses basic care in ICU patients, particularly hygiene and mobilization, reflecting recent developments in nursing that focus on the importance of these activities. Unit 3 highlights the main nursing outcomes in ICU patients, particularly focusing on risk prevention and complication management. Lastly, Unit 4 discusses advances in ICU nursing, from clinical, organizational and research perspectives.

  • Netter s Sports Medicine E-Book

    Netter’s Sports Medicine E-Book
    Christopher Madden

    Netter’s Sports Medicine, by Christopher C. Madden, MD, Margot Putukian, MD, FACSM, Craig C. Young, MD, and Eric C. McCarty, MD, is a reference designed to help you meet the challenges presented by your patients in this growing interdisciplinary field. More than 1,000 Netter images, along with photos of physical examination techniques and imaging examples, provide a rich visual understanding, while a bulleted text format, combined with a user-friendly organization by specific types of injuries as well as different types of sports, makes reference quick and easy. Discussions of a full range of sports—traditional as well as less common—ensure that the coverage is comprehensive and up to date. From pre-participation exams, musculoskeletal injuries, sports nutrition, and sports psychology…to general medical problems in athletes…this reference equips you with the guidance you need to keep your patients at the top of their game.Presents more than 1,000 Netter illustrations accompanied by photos of physical examination techniques, radiographs, and other imaging techniques—including CT and MRI—that equip you with a rich visual understanding of sports medicine. Features a bulleted text format for quick-read guidance. Organizes information by specific types of injuries as well as different types of sports for an easy-to-access reference. Discusses traditional along with less common sports for comprehensive coverage that is up to date. Includes a section that examines considerations for specific athlete populations, including children, women, the senior athlete and the physically challenged, to help you meet their special needs. Presents the cross-disciplinary contributions of primary care physicians, athletic trainers, physical therapists, dentists, orthopaedic surgeons, and others, who provide a well-rounded perspective on the subject. Combines current, evidence-based information with expert clinical guidance for a high-yield reference.

  • Goodbye Obesity: Know the cause and overcome the obstacles for good

    Goodbye Obesity: Know the cause and overcome the obstacles for good
    Dr Bruce Miller

    Obesity is not simply weight gain nor is it a cosmetic or fitness issue. Your goal is to reduce the hazardous and ugly fats that surround your abdomen and organs, deep within your belly that put you at risk for degenerative diseases such as heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, sleep apnea, cancer, gout, osteoarthritis and others. There is no quick fix to fat loss, only prevention, as obesity is a lifestyle disease. It took you years of poor eating habits and a sedentary lifestyle to make you fat. Fat loss is therefore not an event, a program (dieting) nor merely a number you see on the weighing scale or your BMI. A pair of “loose pants” is a better indicator of fat loss. In essence, if you lost weight without reducing your waist circumference, you haven't done much for yourself. To escape from the obesity trap, counting calories, dieting or cutting fat out of your diet or starvation will not help. Instead, to lose fat, you need to know how the body stores and burns fat. You need to incorporate certain lifestyle changes to mobilize your hormones to co-operate with the body to burn fat to overcome your body's resistance to permanent fat loss. That is what this book is all about.

  • Environmental Health Hazards and Social Justice: Geographical Perspectives on Race and Class Disparities

    Environmental Health Hazards and Social Justice: Geographical Perspectives on Race and Class Disparities
    Florence Margai

    This book provides geographic perspectives and approaches for use in assessing the distribution of environmental health hazards and disease outcomes among disadvantaged population groups. Estimates suggest that about 40 per cent of the global burden of disease is attributable to exposures to biological and chemical pathogens in the physical environment. And with today's rapid rate of globalization, and these hazardous health effects are likely to increase, with low income and underrepresented communities facing even greater risks. In many places around the world, marginalized communities unwillingly serve as hosts of noxious facilities such as chemical industrial plants, extractive facilities (oil and mining) and other destructive land use activities. Others are being used as illegal dumping grounds for hazardous materials and electronic wastes resulting in air, soil and groundwater contamination. The book informs readers about the geography and emergent health risks that accompany the location of these hazards, with emphasis on vulnerable population groups. The approach is applications-oriented, illustrating the use of health data and geographic approaches to uncover the root causes, contextual factors and processes that produce contaminated environments. Case studies are drawn from the author's research in the United States and Africa, along with a literature review of related studies completed in Europe, Asia and South America. This comparative approach allows readers to better understand the manifestation of environmental hazards and inequities at different spatial scales with localized disparities evident in both developed and developing countries.

  • Influenza and Public Health: Learning from Past Pandemics

    Influenza and Public Health: Learning from Past Pandemics
    Jennifer Gunn

    Major influenza pandemics pose a constant threat. As evidenced by recent H5N1 avian flu and novel H1N1, influenza outbreaks can come in close succession, yet differ in their transmission and impact. With accelerated levels of commercial and population mobility, new forms of flu virus can also spread across the globe with unprecedented speed. Responding quickly and adequately to each outbreak becomes imperative on the part of governments and global public health organizations, but the difficulties of doing so are legion. One tool for pandemic planning is analysis of responses to past pandemics that provide insight into productive ways forward. This book investigates past influenza pandemics in light of today's, so as to afford critical insights into possible transmission patterns, experiences, mistakes, and interventions. It explores several pandemics over the past century, from the infamous 1918 Spanish Influenza, the avian flu epidemic of 2003, and the novel H1N1 pandemic of 2009, to lesser-known outbreaks such as the 1889-90 influenza pandemic and the Hong Kong Flu of 1968. Contributors to the volume examine cases from a wide range of disciplines, including history, sociology, epidemiology, virology, geography, and public health, identifying patterns that cut across pandemics in order to guide contemporary responses to infectious outbreaks.

  • Epidemiology and Biostatistics: An Introduction to Clinical Research

    Epidemiology and Biostatistics: An Introduction to Clinical Research
    Bryan Kestenbaum

    This textbook was born from a disparate collection of written materials that were created to teach Epidemiology and Biostatistics to second year medical students at the University of Washington. These materials included handouts, practice problems, guides to reading research articles, quizzes, notes from student help sessions, and student emails. The primary goal of these written materials, and now this book, is to recreate the perspective of learning Epidemiology and Biostatistics for the first time. With critical editing assistance from Epidemiology faculty, graduate students in Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and the students themselves, I have tried to preserve the innate logic and connectedness of clinical research methods and to demonstrate their application. The textbook is designed to provide students with the tools necessary to form their own informed conclusions from the clinical research literature. More than ever, a clear understanding of the fundamental aspects of Epidemiology and Biostatistics is needed to successfully navigate the increasingly complex methods utilized by modern clinical research studies. This book could not have been created without the dedicated help of the e- tors, the teaching assistants, and the students, who asked the important questions. I would especially like to thank my family who patiently allowed me so much time to write.

  • Arthritis: The Natural Approach To Build Health Cartilage, Relieve Joint Pain & Reduce Swelling

    Arthritis: The Natural Approach To Build Health Cartilage, Relieve Joint Pain & Reduce Swelling
    Dr Bruce Miller

    It starts with a little stiffness in the left knee. The pains get worse and you are having trouble doing your morning jog or even climbing the stairs. Your medical examination shows you have arthritis. "Almost everyone over the age of 50 has signs of it, if you look hard enough. Arthritis is the number one cause of movement limitation and probably the leading cause of disability if you consider that people often become sedentary due to the associated aches and pain," says Jason Theodosakis, author of “The Arthritis Cure”. The word "arthro" means joint and "itis" means inflammation, that is swelling, redness, heat and pain caused by injury or disease in the joint. There are more than 100 forms of arthritis, however the major forms are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid and gout. There are at least 600,000 Malaysians aged 60 and above being affected by arthritis. This book is a "must read" for anyone with one of the various forms of arthritis. Optimal nutrition can dramatically improve the symptoms of any chronic illness, especially those of arthritis. You can lessen the side effects of drugs and in general have a more active and pain-free life. Arthritis relief is up to you! The information contained in this book has given relief to literally thousands of people.

  • The Handbook of Disaster and Emergency Policies and Institutions

    The Handbook of Disaster and Emergency Policies and Institutions
    John Handmer

    Disasters both natural and human-induced are leading to spiralling costs in terms of human lives, lost livelihoods and damaged assets and businesses. Yet these consequences and the financial and human crises that follow catastrophes can often be traced to policies unsuited to the emerging scales of the problems they confront, and the lack of institutional capacity to implement planning and prevention or to manage disasters. This book seeks to overcome this mismatch and to guide development of a policy and institutional framework. For the first time it brings together into a coherent framework the insights of public policy, institutional design and emergency and disaster management.

  • Health Recklessly Abandoned: Take Back Control of Your Own Health and Live the Life You Deserve

    Health Recklessly Abandoned: Take Back Control of Your Own Health and Live the Life You Deserve
    Vincent Bellonzi

    Health, Recklessly Abandoned describes a new paradigm when it comes to thinking about health and wellness. Health is truly a state of being self-sufficient from health-care. Prevention is referring to not allowing disease to begin in the first place, as opposed to simply finding something early in development. Functional medicine describes how a human body working correctly does not suffer disease. Science is proving that how you live your life, determines the quality of that life. The human body does not make mistakes, it is simply responding to the lifestyle that you subject it to. Eat genuine foods, and get a healthy response. Eat processed food substances, and often you get an inflammatory response.It is as if the human body knows what will be beneficial, as opposed to what will cause dysfunction. If you want your body to work properly then you must use its’ adaptive abilities correctly. When you are physically active, the body responds with better neural networks, better energy production, better hormone balance and in general better working of all the biological systems that make the body function. When your activity level decreases, and you consume primarily processed, convenience foods, then the body tends to proceed in the direction of degeneration. If you let this go on too long, then dysfunction becomes disease. At this point there is a need for health care interventions. Evolution is supposed to be a positive progression, allowing an increased chance for survival of an animal that is better suited for life in the present. Without realizing it, many humans are progressing backwards and “de-evolving” toward a weaker creature with less ability to thrive. Join with the author and learn to EVOLVE. There is a way to keep the body biologically, physiologically and metabolically young, well beyond the accumulation of years.

  • Liver Cleansing: Feeling tired, losing appetite, having abdominal bloating? Maybe it s time for a liver detox

    Liver Cleansing: Feeling tired, losing appetite, having abdominal bloating? Maybe it’s time for a liver detox
    Dr Bruce Miller

    Are you feeling sluggish most of the time? Or feeling dizzy with mild nausea? Having abdominal bloating or great difficulty digesting fat? Maybe it's time to detoxify your liver. Don't take your liver for granted. The liver is our second largest organ. Just like the heart, the liver has to work hard to keep you alive. It is a real fighter but if you inundate it with excessive toxic substances you could injure the health of your liver. This could lead you to hepatitis, cirrhosis, fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, cancer, and inflammation of the bile duct. Due to our neglect, well over 25 million North Americans have chronic liver problems, making liver toxicity one of our leading health conditions. Considering that we are living in a toxic world, I can safely make a statement that every person reading this book has liver damage to one degree or another. Discover in this book how some herbs and nutrients can help protect and support the liver functions. When the liver falters, all other organs will fail to function ideally. If you look after your liver's health, it will reward you with years of healthy living.

  • Sexual Health: A Public Health Perspective

    Sexual Health: A Public Health Perspective
    Kaye Wellings

    This key textbook provides a firm grounding in theoretical and practical aspects of the study of sexual health for both undergraduates and post-graduates.

  • Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes: A Case-Based Guide to Critical Thinking in Medicine

    Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes: A Case-Based Guide to Critical Thinking in Medicine
    Jonathan Howard

    This case-based book illustrates and explores common cognitive biases and their consequences in the practice of medicine. The book begins with an introduction that explains the concept of cognitive errors and their importance in clinical medicine and current controversies within healthcare. The core of the book features chapters dedicated to particular cognitive biases; cases are presented and followed by a discussion of the clinician's rationale and an overview of the particular cognitive bias. Engaging and easy to read, this text provides strategies on minimizing cognitive errors in various medical and professional settings.

  • pH of the Skin: Issues and Challenges

    pH of the Skin: Issues and Challenges
    C. Surber

    The concept of expressing acidity as the negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion concentration was defined and termed pH in the beginning of the 20th century. The general usefulness of the pH concept for life science was recognized and later gained importance to analytical research. Reports on results of pH measurements from living skin established the term acid mantle – the skin's own protective shield that maintains a naturally acid pH. It is invisible to the eye but crucial to the overall wellbeing of skin. Chronic alkalization can throw this acid mantle out of balance, leading to inflammation, dermatitis, and atopic skin diseases. It is therefore no surprise, that skin pH shifts have been observed in various skin pathologies. It is also obvious that the pH in topically applied preparations may play an important role. Optimal pH and buffer capacity within topical preparations not only support stability of active ingredients and auxiliary materials, but may also increase absorption of the non-ionized species of an acidic or a basic active ingredient. They may even open up opportunities to modify and "correct" skin pH and hence accelerate barrier recovery and maintain or enhance barrier integrity. Further efforts are needed to standardize and improve pH measurements in biological media or pharmaceutical/cosmetic vehicles to increase and ensure quality, comparability, and relevance of research data. In this volume, we present a unique collection of papers that address past, present and future issues of the pH of healthy and diseased skin. It is hoped that this collection will foster future efforts in clinical and experimental skin research.

  • Modern Clinical Molecular Techniques

    Modern Clinical Molecular Techniques
    Peter Hu

    This timely book covers the need to know clinical practices for all those involved in molecular laboratory science. The field of molecular medicine is evolving at an astounding speed. Propelled by the new insights and technologies, advances are being made at an unprecedented rate. With dual measure given to today’s breakthroughs, this book is a collection of the most current practices relevant to the clinical molecular laboratorian. It begins with an introductory section on techniques and procedure. It then presents four separate sections on infectious disease, oncology, pre/post-natal, and identity testing, with specific chapters clearly outlining clinical protocols used in daily practice.Modern Clinical Molecular Techniques cuts to the heart of what is essential for the practicing molecular laboratory scientist. It is an outstanding resource for those operating within or looking to set up a clinical molecular laboratory.

  • Engineering Genesis: Ethics of Genetic Engineering in Non-human Species

    Engineering Genesis: Ethics of Genetic Engineering in Non-human Species
    Donald Bruce

    Few issues have aroused so much public attention and controversy as recent developments in biotechnology. How can we make sound judgements of the cloning of Dolly the sheep, genetically altered foodstuffs, or the prospect of transplanting pigs' hearts into humans? Are we 'playing God' with nature? What is driving these developments, and how can they be made more accountable to the public? Engineering Genesis provides a uniquely informed, balanced and varied insight into these and many other key issues from a working group of distinguished experts – in genetics, agriculture, animal welfare, ethics, theology, sociology and risk – brought together by the Society, Religion and Technology Project of the Church of Scotland. A number of case studies present all the main innovations: animal cloning, pharmaceutical production from animals, cross-species transplants, and, genetically modified foods. From these the authors develop a careful analysis of the ethical and social implications – offering contrasting perspectives and insightful arguments which, above all, will enable readers to form their own judgements on these vital questions.

  • Pocket Book for Simulation Debriefing in Healthcare

    Pocket Book for Simulation Debriefing in Healthcare
    Denis Oriot

    This book is a concise manual on debriefing techniques in a clinical educational context. It presents the most popular debriefing techniques and, hence, can be used as a reference manual by educators to help them achieve their intended debriefing objectives. The overarching objective of debriefing is to promote reflection and improve patient safety awareness at an individual and a team level. This book provides clear explanations of what constitutes a valuable and effective debriefing, and presents the various approaches that can be used and how debriefing differs from feedback. It includes key recommendations on aspects that directly or indirectly impact debriefing with different populations of learners such as students or qualified healthcare professionals of various levels of seniority. This book can also be used as a survival guide for both simulation educators and clinicians during debriefings. It includes several useful sections explaining the different phases of a debriefing session, which help learners develop and consolidate their knowledge, and identify potential knowledge or performance gaps and near misses. The underlying philosophy of this book is to also promote profound respect for the trainee by using a non-offensive debriefing approach. Debriefing facilitators will appreciate the several key sentences that will help them lead and engage their learners in the various phases of expressing their emotions and analyzing their experience and actions.

  • Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation Handbook: UVGI for Air and Surface Disinfection

    Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation Handbook: UVGI for Air and Surface Disinfection
    Wladyslaw Kowalski

    This reference covers technical information on ultraviolet germicidal irradiation and its application to air and surface disinfection and the control of pathogens and allergens. Its main focus is airborne microbes and surface contamination applications.

  • Pharmacogenomics in Psychiatry

    Pharmacogenomics in Psychiatry
    M. Schwab

    In recent years, there have been major developments in the fields of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics, with the potential to make drug treatments in psychiatric medicine more effective. However, improvements in drug efficacy and tolerability, as well as finding the optimal dosage, can only be realized if in vivo mechanisms of drug action and ADME (absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion) processes (pharmacokinetics) of psychopharmacological agents are better understood. In this volume, current progress and perspectives in pharmacogenetic testing of drug-metabolizing enzymes, drug transporters and other drug targets involved in the response to psychotropic agents are described extensively. This provides a timely overview of what has been achieved in the area of psychiatric pharmacogenomics alongside some promising directions and perspectives for future research.Psychiatrists, general medical doctors as well as pharmacologists and clinical pharmacologists will find new insights into the development and applications of pharmacogenomics in psychiatry.

  • Language and HIV/AIDS

    Language and HIV/AIDS
    Christina Higgins

    This volume focuses on the role of language in the construction of knowledge about HIV/AIDS in diverse regions of the world. The collection of studies yields helpful insights about the discursive construction of this knowledge in both formal and informal contexts, while demonstrating how the tools of applied linguistics can be exercised to reveal a deeper understanding of the production and dissemination of this knowledge. The authors use a range of qualitative methodologies to critically explore the role of language and discourse in educational contexts in which various and sometimes competing forms of knowledge about HIV/AIDS are constructed. They draw on various forms of discourse analysis, ethnography, and social semiotics to interpret meaning-making practices in HIV/AIDS education in Australia, Cambodia, Burkina Faso, Hong Kong, India, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, and Uganda.

  • Handbook on Medical Tourism and Patient Mobility

    Handbook on Medical Tourism and Patient Mobility
    Neil Lunt

    The growth of international travel for purposes of medical treatment has been accompanied by increased academic research and analysis. This Handbook explores the emergence of medical travel and patient mobility and the implications for patients and hea

  • Biogeogens and Human Health

    Biogeogens and Human Health
    Niraj Kumar

    Health of the people is the most important indicator of the development of a nation. Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (as defined by WHO). The state of health of an individual or population depends upon complex interaction of the physical, biological, political and social domains. The environment affects the human health in a big way. People tend to be most susceptible to illness when physically or mentally stressed. Stress, energy and immunity form a closely knit network. Through his experimental findings, the author has brought out this intricate concept of interdependence of biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) factors in an ecosystem, resulting in an impact on human health, in an explicitly marvelous manner. As a result, a new word “Biogeogens” has been coined, “bio” for living (biotic) , “geo” for non-living (abiotic/geographical/climatic/environment) and “gens” for the interactive proceeds of the two. The content included herein is directly concerned with the societal health and gives a clue to many socio-psycho health problems presently not handled with care. It also defines a multidimensional approach for dealing with many psychosomatic and health problems.

  • Pediatric Nutrition in Chronic Diseases and Developmental Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment, Edition 2

    Pediatric Nutrition in Chronic Diseases and Developmental Disorders: Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment, Edition 2
    Shirley Walberg Ekvall

    This much-needed resource comprehensively reviews the current status of research on nutrition in chronic diseases and developmental disorders of children and helps translate this research into clinical practice. It provides a wealth of information on the nutritional implications of diseases' states; how nutrition can affect brain development, learning child behavior and how to impove the health status of pediatric patients through nutritional measures. Assessment, prevention, and treatment are all covered. The chapters focus on biochemical and clinical abnormalities, techniques for evaluating nutrition including behavior, nutritional management, and follow-up procedures. Well-organized and user-friendly, the book will continue to be of great value to pediatricians, nutritionists, gastroenterologists, neurologists, family practitioners, and dietitians as well as students and residents in those fields. The Second Edition has been thoroughly updated and includes new chapters on botanicals, genetics and nutritional aspects of birth defects, vegetarianism, obesity/eating disorders, autism, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, among other topics. Also available from the author is a Self-Study Guide with multiple choice questions and a few case studies 35 CPE/CME credits are available until 2015. For more information contact Dr. Ekvall at [email protected] or [email protected] or call 513-522-1403.

  • A Handbook of Clinical Genetics

    A Handbook of Clinical Genetics
    J. S. Fitzsimmons

    A Handbook of Clinical Genetics focuses on clinical genetics and the growing demand for genetic counseling. This book begins by introducing issues regarding changes in morbidity and mortality; fall in birth rate; advances in technology and treatment; and complex social changes. Other topics covered include genetic and environmental factors in disease; the genetic code; pedigree information; inheritance patterns; genetic counseling; prenatal diagnosis of genetic disease; special problems; and ethical issues and future developments. The last portion of this text is devoted to a glossary of unfamiliar medical terms, list of recommended books for further research and study, and appendices consist of a case on genetic counseling for Down's syndrome. This handbook is suitable for nurses, medical students, and doctors needing an introduction to clinical genetics.

  • 7 Keys to Normalise Your Cholesterol Level: The higher your cholesterol level the more rapidly plaque develops & clogs your arteries

    7 Keys to Normalise Your Cholesterol Level: The higher your cholesterol level the more rapidly plaque develops & clogs your arteries
    Dr Bruce Miller

    What is all the big fuss about high cholesterol? The big concern: Excess cholesterol in the blood is a major risk factor for heart attack and stroke in America.If this is you: LDL cholesterol is above 3.36, HDL is less than 1.16, and your Total Cholesterol to HDL ratio is over 4.4 mmol/L, you need to urgently bring down these numbers. You are in control. Do not wait for symptoms to appear. In 50 percent of deaths from a heart attack, sudden death was the very first symptom.We have the knowledge to prevent a tremendous amount of death, disability and suffering right now if we are wise enough to apply it. Visit the cardiac ward of any hospital and you will understand what I mean.In this book, you will discover seven keys in simple and concise language to help lower your cholesterol to a healthy level.

  • Public Health Behind Bars: From Prisons to Communities

    Public Health Behind Bars: From Prisons to Communities
    Robert Greifinger

    Projecting correctional facility-based health care into the community arena, Public Health Behind Bars: From Prisons to Communities examines the burden of illness in the growing prison population, and analyzes the considerable impact on public health as prisoners are released. More than forty practitioners, researchers, and scholars in correctional health, mental health, law, and public policy make a timely case for correctional health care that is humane for those incarcerated and beneficial to the communities they reenter. These authors offer affirmative recommendations toward that evolutionary step. Chapter authors identify the most compelling health problems behind bars (including communicable disease, mental illness, addiction, and suicide), pinpoint systemic barriers to care, and explain how correctional medicine can shift from emergency or crisis care to primary care and prevention. In addition, strategies are outlined that link community health resources to correctional facilities so that prisoners can transition to the community without unnecessarily taxing public resources or falling through the cracks. Between the authors’ research findings and practical suggestions, readers will find realistic answers to these and similar questions: Can transmission of HIV, tuberculosis, and other communicable diseases be reduced and prevented among prisoners? How can correctional facilities treat addiction more effectively? What can be done to improve diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders? Can correctional care benefit from quality management and performance measurement? How can care be coordinated between correctional and community health care providers? What are the health risks to communities if action is not taken? Public Health Behind Bars: From Prisons to Communities is a challenge of immediate interest to readers in correctional health and medicine, public and community health, health care administration and policy, and civil rights.

  • Younger: A Breakthrough Program to Reset Your Genes, Reverse Aging, and Turn Back the Clock 10 Years

    Younger: A Breakthrough Program to Reset Your Genes, Reverse Aging, and Turn Back the Clock 10 Years
    Sara Gottfried, M.D.

    NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLERThe New York Times bestselling author of The Hormone Cure and The Hormone Reset Diet shows every woman how to create a lifestyle that will help her look great, feel energized, and slow down the effects of aging.Feel destined for cellulite, saddle bags, and belly fat? Does your family come from a long line of Alzheimer's, cancer, or heart disease? Will nothing help your aging skin or declining libido or flagging energy? This book is for you. The body is magnificent but it doesn't come with a lifetime warranty, or an operating manual. You're the result of millions of years of evolution, but many of the adaptations that helped your ancestors survive are now working overtime to accelerate the aging process. The assumption here is that we are our genes and therefore trapped by the past. The good news is that your genetic code—the DNA sequence that is the biochemical basis of heredity—can play a minor role in the way you age. The scientific reality is that 90 percent of the signs of aging and disease are caused by lifestyle choices, not your genes. In other words, you have the capability to overcome and transform your genetic history and tendencies. Harvard/MIT—trained physician Sara Gottfried, M.D. has created a revolutionary 7-week program that empowers us to make the critical choices necessary to not just look young, but also feel young.Dr. Gottfried identifies and builds this book around the five-key factors that lead to accelerated aging -the muscle factor, the brain factor, the hormone factor, the gut factor, and the toxic fat factor. The 7-week program addresses these factors and treats them in an accessible and highly practical protocol and is as follows:Feed—Week 1Sleep—Week 2Move—Week 3Release—Week 4Expose—Week 5Soothe—Week 6Think—Week 7Younger increases not only your lifespan, but also your healthspan. Dr. Gottfried's program makes it possible to change the way you age, stay younger longer, and remain healthy and vibrant for all of your days.

  • Palliative Care: A Case-based Guide

    Palliative Care: A Case-based Guide
    Jane E. Loitman

    A clinical case-based handbook has a role in general clinicians’ practice of caring for patients with serious or life-limiting illness. The explosion of the field of Hospice and Palliative Medicine impacts all physicians and healthcare providers. Fellowship trained s- cialists graduate in greater numbers annually. These and more seasoned specialists are now certified by the American Board of Medical Specialties as subspecialists. Research in this field is expanding in scope and quantity, and peer reviewed journals devoted to this work are multiplying. Moreover, peer reviewed journals in primary care and other subspecialties of medicine regularly include papers that focus on end-of-life care, quality of life issues, and symptom management. Overall then, access to clinical information necessary to care for patients with life-limiting illness is not only essential, but also increasingly available. This case-based clinical book aims to help with the actual practice of caring for patients with life-limiting illness. Numerous texts and journals exist to provide the data to inform care, yet there remains a need to find practical points and information about the practical application of the principles of palliative care. Thus, we hope that the cases, key points, and practical tips will help health care providers who are not experts already in palliative care in the care of patients with serious illness and challenging problems. Some chapters follow one patient through the course of an illness to highlight the applicability of palliative care throughout the disease process.

  • Understanding Colon Cancer

    Understanding Colon Cancer
    A. Richard Adrouny

    For decades, while other cancers grabbed the headlines, colorectal cancer was quietly ignored. The lifetime risk of colorectal cancer in the general population is 2.5 to 5 percent. This means that twenty-five to fifty out of one thousand people will be stricken by this disease. Although data show that in America colorectal cancer incidence and mortality have been waning in recent decades, cancers of the colon and rectum still cause approximately 56,000 deaths annually. About 140,000 new cases are diagnosed each year. It is plainly evident that colon cancer constitutes a large portion of all new cancer cases, a little more than 10 percent. It is the fourth most frequent type. For the lay reader wishing to know more about this disease that has become more prominent in public attention, Understanding Colon Cancer gives concise information and explanation. It covers fundamental knowledge about occurrence, carcinogenesis, genetics, diagnosis, staging, prognosis, and treatment, as well as forecasting the kinds of diagnostic tests and treatments that may be developed. It reviews demographics, high-risk conditions, the sequence from bowel polyps to cancer, polyposis syndromes predisposing people to colorectal cancer, and the genetics of the disease. Discussed in full detail are the warning signs of the disease and the tests used for screening and diagnosis (fecal occult blood test, barium enema, sigmoidoscopy, and colonoscopy). The stages of the disease are examined, along with theories of how colon cancer spreads. Two chapters focus on treatments, including surgery and chemotherapy. An entire chapter devoted to early detection and prevention discusses standard ap-proaches, as well as such new or emerging strategies as vitamins, drugs, and genetic screening. What lies in the future for diagnostic testing and therapy? Understanding Colon Cancer concludes with discussion that forecasts the potential of genetic screening and treatment, of virtual colonoscopy, and of new chemotherapeutic drugs, vaccines, and monoclonal antibodies. Richard Adrouny has a private practice in Los Gatos, California, and serves as the director of medical oncology at the Community Hospital of Los Gatos-Saratoga. He is a clinical assistant professor of medicine at Stanford University School of Medicine and has been published in such periodicals as the New England Journal of Medicine, American Journal of Medicine, and Annals of Internal Medicine .

  • Enteroimmunology: A Guide to the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Inflammatory Disease

    Enteroimmunology: A Guide to the Prevention and Treatment of Chronic Inflammatory Disease
    Dr. Charles Lewis

    Enteroimmunology is the emerging field of medicine that studies the enteric immune system and microbial biome of the digestive system, and their interaction with diet, digestion, the enteric and central nervous systems and endocrine functions. It explores and elucidates how these systems affect each other, impacting health and disease. Enteroimmune disease is not limited to diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome and inflammatory bowel diseases but also cause systemic and neurological diseases. Neurological diseases discussed include autism, migraine, chronic fatigue syndrome, multiple sclerosis, bipolar and rage disorders. The gastrointestinal mucosa is predominantly lined with enterocytes that form a continuous barrier throughout the digestive path. These cells absorb nutrients while excluding the trillions of bacteria and other microbes that inhabit the gut. Just below the enterocytes, the mucosa contains over half of the body’s immune cells. These cells effect immune activity that protect the body from infection. However, they can also promote chronic inflammation, not just in the intestines, but in any organ system of the body. This book details the physiologic functions of the digestive and immune cells; their reactions to proteins, antigens and nutrients in the diet; the role of bacterial toxins and immune mediators; and the hormones that mediate appetite, GI motility and digestion. It explores the mechanisms occurring in immune dysfunction; when the immune response, rather than protect health, promotes chronic inflammation, responsible for depression, obesity, diabetes, acne, Alzheimer’s disease, cancer, migraines, fibromyalgia, IBS, osteoporosis, schizophrenia, and many other chronic inflammatory diseases. Understanding the immune system of the gut, provides insight to how these mechanisms impact both the enteric and central nervous systems. Dr. Lewis elucidates the physiology and pathophysiology of the intestinal and immune cells with clarity and humor that makes reading this book a pleasure. Enteroimmunology describes how various types of food sensitivities, including IgG antergies, which are analogous to IgE allergies, cause a wide array of chronic disease. This book explains mast cell activation syndrome, leaky gut syndrome, small bowel overgrowth, dysbiosis, metabolic syndrome and describes how to achieve long-term effective resolution of these conditions through diet. The book provides examples of a variety of conditions and the pathological processes that underlie them and then acts a guide to the tertiary treatment for the condition. There are chapters on obesity and metabolic syndrome, mood and thought disorders, fibromyalgia, autoimmune diseases, interstitial cystitis, sexual dysfunction, acne and other diseases. A chapter is dedicated to traumatic brain injury and its secondary prevention. Another chapter focuses on cancer prevention and explains the dietary factors responsible for the majority of human cancers, and provides practical, evidenced-based advice for cancer prevention. There is a chapter explaining how the mitochondria and aging, detailing of how individuals can maintain vibrant, healthy, mitochondria. There are chapters on the role of sleep disorders in enteroimmune disease, explaining the role osteoimmunity in osteoporosis and on prevention of hearing loss. Enteroimmunology is a guide to the prevention and the reversal of chronic disease by first understanding, and then using diet and nutrition to reverse the underlying causation of these diseases. Enteroimmunology explains the emerging understanding of the ecology of the gut and its relationship with diet, food and nutrition. This highly acclaimed book, now in its 3rd edition, has been extensively updated and expanded. It provides citations to National Library of Medicine PMID numbers that link to over a thousand free, full-length scientific

  • ESSENTIALS OF BIOSTATISTICS: FOR UNDERGRADUATE, POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, BIOMEDICAL SCIENCE AND RESEARCHERS

    ESSENTIALS OF BIOSTATISTICS: FOR UNDERGRADUATE, POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS OF MEDICAL SCIENCE, BIOMEDICAL SCIENCE AND RESEARCHERS
    INDRANIL SAHA

  • Fats that Heal, Fats that Kill: We need a right fat and not a no fat, high fat or fake fat diet

    Fats that Heal, Fats that Kill: We need a right fat and not a no fat, high fat or fake fat diet
    Dr Udo Erasmus

    To know how fat affects our health, we must embrace two opposite stories. Most people know only the negative half of the story. The gist of the story is that fats are bad as we often associate it with heart disease, cancer, hardening of the arteries and ugly body flab. Hence the popularity of the low and no fat craze. The reality is, used over a long time, a no fat diet can make you ill. It can set up for cardiac arrest, stunt growth in children, and harm the liver, brain, immune system, glands and organ function. This book unravels at length some truth about how fats and oils have an effect on our health such as: • Fats do not make us fat• There are fats that heal and fats that kill (avoid)• We need the right fat, not a no fat, high fat or fake fat diet• Manufacturing processes turn healing fats into fats that kill. The most unhealthy fats are found in margarine, shortening and heated or fried fats. This book explains in simple terms how to distinguish between fats you should avoid and to take fats and oils that heal. Your health depends greatly on you choosing the right fats.

  • The Handbook of Health Behavior Change, 4th Edition: Edition 4

    The Handbook of Health Behavior Change, 4th Edition: Edition 4
    Kristin A. Riekert, PhD

    Choice Outstanding Academic Title! 4 Stars – Doody's!Praise for the Third Edition: "This work will be one that students and clinicians keep on their shelves as the gold-standard reference for health behavior change. Summing up: Essential" –ChoiceSubstantially revised to reflect current trends in the field of health behavior change, this new edition of the highly acclaimed "gold standard" text continues to provide a comprehensive overview of behavior change as it relates to public health. It has been extensively reorganized to eliminate redundancies in the earlier edition, and takes a broader, more pragmatic approach in its coverage of health behavior change. New content includes chapters on lifestyle change and prevention and chronic disease management, with an intensive focus on specific behaviors (i.e. diet and nutrition, tobacco use) and chronic illness (i.e diabetes, heart disease). A new section on Community, System, and Provider Interventions to Support Health Behavior Change focuses on the efficacy of interventions implemented within various systems such as schools, workplaces, and health care systems. The fourth edition also provides learning objectives and discussion questions to facilitate use by course instructors in health psychology, behavioral medicine, and public health.This multidisciplinary text has been authored and edited by highly esteemed practitioners, educators, and researchers who are experts in their specific areas of study. The majority of the text continues to be organized around the specific behaviors and chronic illnesses with the most significant public health impacts in terms of morbidity and mortality. Each chapter explains the significance of a particular problem and reviews the empirical evidence for the various intervention approaches.New to the Fourth Edition:Extensively reorganized to eliminate redundanciesUpdated to encompass the most current research in health behavior changeIncludes new chapters on Alcohol, Stress and Mood Management, Diabetes, Obesity, The Workplace, Built Environment, and Behavior DataFocuses intensively on specific behaviors and chronic illnesses that significantly affect public healthIncludes a new section on Community, System, and Provider Interventions to Support Health Behavior ChangeApplicable to a wide variety of courses including public health, behavior change, preventive medicine, and health psychologyAuthored by leading researchers, educators, and practitioners with a multidisciplinary focusIncludes learning objectives and discussion questions

  • Menopause: A Whole New Way To Menopausal Relief

    Menopause: A Whole New Way To Menopausal Relief
    Dr Bruce Miller

    As night follows day all women will pass through menopause. It is not a disease but with the onset of menopause women will experience a new set of health problems like vaginal dryness, bladder disturbances, hot flashes, skin wrinkling, facial hair growth and loss of sexual desire. Since the turn of the century a woman could expect to live to about forty-eight. Things have changed. At menopause a woman now has half of her adult life to live. The risks of developing osteoporosis, heart disease, breast cancer increases at this stage of a woman's life. There are many books on the market that deal in detail with the various facets of menopause. This book however will focus on nutrition, food supplements and lifestyles for women on hormones or women who want to pass through this phase of life naturally. I have also added a chapter on the risk and benefits of HRT. Women have now to take responsibility on themselves to learn all facets of menopause and how to cope with the changes that come with menopause so that the last half of a woman's life will be more vigorous and rewarding than the first half! Women who do not take the very best of their health from the five to seven years of menopause are the ones with the most health problems and poorest quality of life in later years.

  • The Blood Code: Unlock the secrets of your metabolism

    The Blood Code: Unlock the secrets of your metabolism
    Dr. Richard Maurer

    One-size-fits-all dietary and health advice fails to help most individuals reverse type 2 diabetes, hypothyroid symptoms, and heart disease. The Blood Code walks a line between a reference text and self help book–Step One of The Blood Code is a simple blood test panel where you can learn from the simple actionable science within you. Subsequent Steps in the book provide a road map that provides you the power to reverse these metabolic conditions and experience the health and energy you deserve.Dr. Maurer provides an optimistic evidence-based message – medical diagnoses such as prediabetes, type 2 diabetes and hypothyroid are not troublesome illnesses but rather advantageous expressions of a body that has learned to store more and spend less.The Blood Code clears the air of confusion and allows you to reliably find the dietary and fitness habits that are right for your long and productive life.